Zifta Climate & Monthly Temperature Overview – Egypt

Summer (June – September)

Zifta experiences scorching hot summers with average temperatures ranging from 26°C (78.8°F) to 39°C (102.2°F). The hottest months are July and August, when temperatures can soar above 40°C (104°F). The humidity levels are also high, making the heat even more oppressive. Rainfall is rare during the summer months.

Winter (December – February)

Winters in Zifta are generally mild, with average temperatures ranging from 10°C (50°F) to 18°C (64.4°F). The coldest month is January, when temperatures can drop below 10°C (50°F) at night. Rainfall is more common during the winter months, but the total precipitation remains relatively low.

Summer Temperatures

Zifta, Egypt, experiences scorching summers characterized by high temperatures and minimal rainfall. The average temperature during the summer months ranges from 29°C (84°F) to a staggering 35°C (95°F). The peak of the summer heat occurs in July and August, when temperatures can soar over 40°C (104°F). The combination of high humidity and extreme heat can make outdoor activities challenging during this time. However, the evenings provide some respite, with temperatures dropping to a more comfortable range of 22°C to 26°C (72°F to 79°F).

Winter Temperatures

In contrast to the scorching summers, Zifta’s winters are generally mild with occasional rainfall. The average temperature during the winter months ranges from a minimum of 8°C (46°F) to a maximum of 17°C (63°F). The coldest months are December and January, when temperatures can dip below 5°C (41°F) at night. Humidity levels remain relatively high during the winter, but the absence of sweltering heat makes this season more enjoyable for outdoor activities. Rainfall, although infrequent, can occur sporadically throughout the winter months, adding a touch of moisture to the otherwise dry climate.

Cloud Formation and Types

In Zifta, Egypt, the sky is a canvas where different types of clouds paint breathtaking scenes. Cirrus clouds, delicate and wispy, often adorn the heavens like scattered cotton balls. These high-altitude clouds, composed primarily of ice crystals, indicate fair weather and stable atmospheric conditions. Cumulus clouds, on the other hand, take on more distinct shapes, resembling fluffy balls or cotton wool. These clouds typically form at low altitudes and are associated with pleasant weather. Stratus clouds, characterized by their uniform, gray appearance, often blanket the sky, bringing overcast conditions and drizzle or light rain.

Cloud Patterns and Weather

Cloud patterns can provide valuable insights into the prevailing weather conditions in Zifta. Cirrocumulus clouds, small white puffs arranged in rows or ripples, are often associated with warm fronts and approaching rain. Altocumulus clouds, similar in structure but higher in the atmosphere, indicate stable weather or the passage of a cold front. Cirrostratus clouds, thin and veil-like, can sometimes precede precipitation, while nimbostratus clouds, thick and dark, bring prolonged rain or snow. Understanding cloud patterns helps meteorologists forecast upcoming weather conditions and issue timely alerts.

Annual Precipitation Pattern

Zifta, Egypt, experiences an arid climate characterized by extremely low annual precipitation. The city typically receives less than 20 mm (0.8 in) of rainfall per year, primarily during the winter months from December to March. The lack of rainfall is attributed to its location in the rain shadow of the Red Sea Hills and the Sahara Desert’s proximity.

Seasonal Variations

Zifta’s precipitation pattern exhibits distinct seasonal variations. The summer months (June to September) are almost entirely dry, with negligible rainfall. The winter months bring occasional rainfall, but the amounts are meager. The average precipitation during these months ranges from 2 to 5 mm (0.08 to 0.2 in). The autumn and spring seasons witness slightly higher precipitation levels, with October and April being the slightly wettest months, receiving around 6-7 mm (0.24-0.28 in) of rainfall.

Climate Summary

Zifta, Egypt, experiences an arid climate characterized by scant rainfall and high temperatures. The city receives an average of less than 20 millimeters of precipitation annually, primarily occurring during the winter months. However, these rainfall events are often sporadic and unpredictable, leading to prolonged periods of drought. The hottest months are June through August, with average temperatures exceeding 30 degrees Celsius. Winters are relatively mild, with average temperatures ranging from 10 to 15 degrees Celsius.

Impact of Climate Change

Climate change is expected to further exacerbate the arid conditions in Zifta. Rising temperatures are likely to increase evaporation rates, further reducing the already limited rainfall. Additionally, changes in precipitation patterns may lead to more frequent and intense droughts, placing additional strain on water resources. These climate-related challenges pose significant risks to agriculture, water security, and human health in the region.

Historical Rarity of Snowfall in Zifta, Egypt

Zifta, a city located in the Nile Delta region of Egypt, has experienced snowfall on only a handful of occasions throughout history. The most recent snowfall event occurred in December 2013, when a thin layer of snow blanketed the city for several hours. Prior to that, the last snowfall in Zifta was recorded in 1981. This rarity is attributed to the city’s geographic location and climatic conditions. Situated in the northern part of Egypt, Zifta experiences a subtropical desert climate characterized by hot and dry summers and mild winters. The average annual temperature in Zifta is around 20°C (68°F), making it unlikely for snowfall to occur.

Meteorological Factors Contributing to Snowfall

When snowfall does occur in Zifta, it is typically associated with a combination of meteorological factors. These factors include a cold front from the Mediterranean Sea, cold air from the Sahara Desert, and a drop in atmospheric pressure. The cold front from the Mediterranean Sea brings in cold and moist air, while the cold air from the Sahara Desert further lowers temperatures. The combination of these air masses can result in the formation of clouds and precipitation. If the temperature is low enough, the precipitation can fall as snow. Additionally, a drop in atmospheric pressure can create unstable atmospheric conditions, increasing the likelihood of precipitation and potentially leading to snowfall.

Average Sunshine Hours

Zifta, Egypt enjoys a remarkable amount of sunshine throughout the year. Known for its desert climate, the city receives an average of 3,650 hours of sunlight annually. During the summer months (June to August), the sun shines for an impressive 12 hours or more each day, with only occasional interruptions by clouds or dust storms. Even during the winter (December to February), Zifta experiences an average of 7-8 hours of sunshine daily, providing ample opportunities to bask in the warmth.

Impact on Daily Life

The abundance of sunshine in Zifta has a significant impact on the daily lives of its inhabitants. Many households rely on solar panels to generate electricity, reducing their dependence on the national grid. The warm and sunny weather encourages outdoor activities, such as farming, fishing, and recreational pursuits. Parks and public spaces are often bustling with people enjoying the benefits of the sunshine, which also supports the growth of a thriving agricultural industry in the surrounding area. Additionally, the high levels of sunshine boost mood and energy levels, contributing to the overall well-being of the community.

Current Moon Phase in Zifta, Egypt

Tonight, the Moon is in its New Moon phase in Zifta, Egypt. This phase occurs when the Moon is positioned between the Earth and the Sun, causing the side of the Moon facing Earth to be completely dark. The New Moon is often referred to as the “dark moon” or “black moon” because it is not visible from Earth.

During the New Moon phase, the Moon exerts a gravitational pull on Earth, which is responsible for high tides. This gravitational force also affects human behavior, with some individuals reporting increased levels of emotional intensity and intuition during this phase. In many cultures, the New Moon is associated with new beginnings and fresh starts, making it an opportune time to set intentions and manifest goals.

Seasonality of Humidity

Zifta, Egypt features high humidity levels throughout the year, with average relative humidity ranging from 50% to 80%. During the winter months, humidity tends to be lower, typically between 50% and 60%. However, during the summer months, humidity levels soar, reaching up to 80% or higher. This increase in humidity can make the summer months feel quite oppressive, especially when combined with high temperatures.

Diurnal Variations

Humidity levels in Zifta also exhibit marked diurnal variations. During the daytime, humidity tends to be lower, typically around 40% to 60%. However, as the sun sets and temperatures drop, humidity levels rise, often reaching 70% or higher at night. This increase in humidity is primarily due to the formation of dew and fog, as the cooler air is unable to hold the same amount of moisture as the warmer air during the day.

Wind Speed and Direction

Zifta, Egypt is characterized by a moderate wind regime throughout the year. Wind speeds average around 5-8 knots during the summer months and slightly higher, around 7-10 knots, during the winter. Prevailing wind directions are predominantly from the northwest and northeast, bringing in relatively cool and dry air. However, during the summer, easterly winds, known as the Etesian winds, may occasionally occur, bringing in hot and humid air from the Mediterranean Sea.

Impact on Local Climate

The wind patterns in Zifta have a significant impact on the local climate. The prevailing northwest and northeast winds help regulate temperatures, keeping them relatively mild throughout the year. The Etesian winds, while infrequent, can cause a temporary spike in humidity and discomfort, particularly during the summer months. Overall, the wind regime contributes to the overall pleasant and dry climate of Zifta, making it a desirable destination for those seeking a comfortable outdoor environment.

Best time to visit for pleasant weather

Zifta, Egypt, experiences a hot desert climate with scorching summers and mild winters. If you prefer comfortable temperatures, the ideal time to visit is during the shoulder seasons, from March to May and from September to November. During these months, the average temperature ranges from 15°C to 25°C (59°F to 77°F), providing a pleasant climate for exploring the city and its surroundings.

Best time to visit for festivals

If you wish to experience the vibrant culture and traditions of Zifta, plan your visit during the annual festivals. The most significant festival is the Zifta Festival, held in August. This festival celebrates the patron saint of the city, Abu al-Nasr al-Zafai. During the festival, you can witness parades, folkloric performances, and traditional music, offering a glimpse into the local heritage and customs. Other notable festivals include the Eid al-Fitr, which marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan, and the Eid al-Adha, the festival of sacrifice.

Solar Energy Potential in Zifta, Egypt

Zifta, a city located in the northern part of Egypt, possesses significant potential for solar energy development due to its favorable geographical location. The city enjoys high solar irradiance levels, with an average of 2,800 sunshine hours per year. This abundant sunlight provides an excellent resource for generating electricity. Furthermore, Zifta’s relatively clear skies and low humidity contribute to high-quality solar radiation, enhancing the efficiency of photovoltaic systems.

Opportunities for Solar Energy Development

The government of Egypt has recognized the potential for solar energy in Zifta and has implemented policies to encourage its development. The Feed-in Tariff Program provides financial incentives to developers who install solar power systems. Additionally, the government has established solar parks in the city to attract investors and facilitate large-scale solar projects. The availability of land and infrastructure in Zifta makes it an attractive location for both grid-connected and off-grid solar installations. With growing awareness of the benefits of solar energy, there is a growing demand for residential and commercial solar systems, creating further opportunities for investment and job creation in the clean energy sector.

Location and Elevation

Zifta is a city in the Gharbia Governorate of Egypt, situated in the Nile Delta region. It is located approximately 90 kilometers northwest of Cairo, on the western bank of the Rosetta branch of the Nile River. Zifta lies at a low elevation, just a few meters above sea level. The surrounding area is characterized by flat, fertile plains used for agriculture.

Geographical Features

The topography of Zifta is dominated by its proximity to the Nile River. The river provides water for irrigation, supporting the city’s agricultural activities. Zifta is also surrounded by numerous canals and drainage systems, which help to control flooding and maintain water levels. The city’s immediate surroundings consist of flat, agricultural lands, with occasional patches of desert vegetation. The Nile Delta region is known for its rich soil and abundant water resources, making it a key agricultural zone in Egypt.

Cairo International Airport (CAI)

Cairo International Airport, approximately 75 kilometers southwest of Zifta, is the closest major airport. It serves as the primary international gateway to Egypt and offers a wide range of domestic and international flights. Passengers can access the airport via the Cairo-Alexandria Desert Road or the ring road, with a travel time of approximately 1 hour by car. The airport features modern terminals, a vast selection of dining and shopping options, and comprehensive transportation links to Zifta and other destinations.

Borg El Arab Airport (HBE)

Borg El Arab Airport, situated approximately 110 kilometers northwest of Zifta, is another alternative for air travel. Primarily serving domestic flights within Egypt, it offers a smaller selection of connections compared to Cairo International Airport. The airport is accessible by road via the Alexandria-Cairo Coastal Road, with a travel time of approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes by car. While Borg El Arab Airport may have fewer flight options, it offers a more tranquil and less crowded experience for passengers.


Zifta, a vibrant city in the Gharbia Governorate of Egypt, boasts a rich and diverse history dating back to ancient times. Archaeological excavations have uncovered evidence of habitation in the area as early as the 1st Dynasty of the Old Kingdom. During the Ptolemaic period, Zifta played a significant role as an agricultural and commercial center. It was known for its production of wheat, barley, and cotton. In the medieval Islamic era, the city flourished under the rule of the Abbasids, Fatimids, and Ayyubids. During this period, Zifta witnessed the construction of numerous mosques, palaces, and religious schools.


Zifta is renowned for its vibrant and diverse culture, which has been shaped by its long and multifaceted history. The city is home to a multitude of cultural attractions, including the historic Mosque of Al-Badawi, the Zifta Museum, and the Al-Qasimi Palace. Zifta’s cultural traditions are deeply rooted in its Islamic heritage, particularly in the form of Sufism and other mystical practices. The city is also known for its traditional crafts, particularly the production of textiles, pottery, and woodwork. Furthermore, Zifta has a thriving arts and music scene, with local artists and musicians contributing to its vibrant cultural landscape.