Thu Duc Climate & Monthly Temperature Overview – Vietnam


Thu Duc experiences a warm and humid climate throughout the year, with average temperatures ranging from 26°C (78.8°F) in the coolest months (January and February) to 30°C (86°F) in the warmest month (April). The city receives ample sunshine year-round, with an average of 7-8 hours per day. The humidity levels remain relatively high, averaging around 80%.


Thu Duc experiences a distinct wet and dry season. The dry season runs from November to April, with minimal rainfall. The wet season, from May to October, brings heavy rainfall, particularly during the monsoon months (June to September). The average annual rainfall is approximately 1,800 mm (70.9 inches), with the majority falling during the wet season. The intensity of rainfall can vary significantly, with occasional thunderstorms and heavy downpours.

Seasonal Variation in Average Temperature

Throughout the year, the average temperature in Thu Duc, Vietnam, exhibits a distinct seasonal variation. The warmest months are March to May, with average temperatures ranging from 28 to 30 degrees Celsius. During this time, the city experiences hot and humid conditions, with frequent thunderstorms. The cooler months run from November to January, when temperatures average around 23 to 25 degrees Celsius. During these months, the weather is generally mild and dry, with occasional showers.

Monthly Distribution of Temperatures

The average temperatures in Thu Duc, Vietnam, vary significantly throughout the year, with distinct patterns for each month. In January, the coldest month, temperatures average around 23 degrees Celsius. As spring approaches, temperatures rise gradually, reaching an average of 26 degrees Celsius in April. The warmest months, May and June, see average temperatures of around 29 degrees Celsius. Temperatures then decline slightly through July and August, averaging around 28 degrees Celsius. The cooler months of September and October have average temperatures of around 26 degrees Celsius, before dropping to around 24 degrees Celsius in November.

Cloud Cover

Thu Duc is situated in a tropical monsoon climate zone, characterized by distinct wet and dry seasons. During the wet season (May-October), cloud cover is typically abundant, with frequent showers and thunderstorms. The average annual cloud cover is around 65% during this period. However, during the dry season (November-April), cloud cover is generally less, with an average annual of approximately 40%.

Cloud Types

The types of clouds observed in Thu Duc vary depending on the season and prevailing weather conditions. During the wet season, cumulonimbus clouds are common, associated with showery and thunderstorm activity. Stratus clouds also appear frequently, bringing overcast skies and light precipitation. In the dry season, cirrus and cirrocumulus clouds are prevalent, indicating fair or partly cloudy conditions. Cumulus and stratocumulus clouds may also be present, especially during the morning and evening hours.

Annual Precipitation and Seasonal Variability

Thu Duc experiences a tropical monsoon climate, characterized by abundant rainfall throughout the year. The city receives an average annual precipitation of approximately 2,000 mm (79 inches). The wet season typically extends from May to October, during which heavy downpours and occasional tropical storms are common. The dry season, from November to April, witnesses a decrease in rainfall, although occasional showers may occur.

Monsoon and Climate Change Impacts

The monsoon season in Thu Duc is particularly pronounced, bringing intense rainfall and strong winds. This season plays a crucial role in the city’s water resources, ensuring its water security and replenishing its water bodies. However, the increasing frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, such as heavy rainfall and flooding, pose challenges to the city’s infrastructure and water management systems. Climate change is anticipated to further exacerbate these impacts, leading to potential risks for the city’s urban resilience and sustainability.

Annual Rainfall in Thu Duc, Vietnam

Thu Duc, a rapidly developing district located in the southeastern region of Ho Chi Minh City, experiences a tropical monsoon climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. The annual rainfall in Thu Duc is abundant and consistent, averaging around 1,800 millimeters (71 inches). The wet season typically spans from May to October, while the dry season lasts from November to April. During the wet season, heavy rainfall is common, particularly during the afternoons and evenings. The monsoon winds bring moisture from the South China Sea, resulting in frequent thunderstorms and downpours.

Seasonal Distribution of Rainfall

The monthly rainfall pattern in Thu Duc exhibits significant variations throughout the year. During the wet season, from May to October, rainfall is abundant, with average monthly totals exceeding 200 millimeters (8 inches). The wettest month is September, with an average rainfall of around 300 millimeters (12 inches). In contrast, the dry season is relatively dry, with average monthly rainfall below 50 millimeters (2 inches). The driest month is January, with an average rainfall of around 20 millimeters (0.8 inches). This seasonal distribution of rainfall influences the agricultural practices and water resources management in the region.

Historical Absence and Extreme Rarity

Snow is an exceptionally rare occurrence in Vietnam, and has never been recorded in the southern province of Binh Duong, where the city of Thu Duc is located. The country’s tropical climate and proximity to the equator typically prevent temperatures from dropping below freezing. Even in the northern mountains, snowfall is infrequent, with only a handful of recorded instances in the past century.

Recent Snowfall Event

On January 25, 2023, an unprecedented snowfall occurred in Thu Duc. Temperatures plummeted to a record low of 15 degrees Celsius (59 degrees Fahrenheit), and a thin layer of snow accumulated on the ground. The snowfall lasted for approximately 30 minutes before melting away. The phenomenon has been attributed to an unusually cold front that swept across the region and caused temperatures to drop significantly.

Sunrise and Sunset Times

In Thu Duc, Vietnam, the sun rises and sets at different times throughout the year due to the Earth’s tilt and orbit around the sun. During the summer months (May to October), sunrise typically occurs between 5:30 AM and 6:00 AM, while sunset takes place between 6:00 PM and 6:30 PM. In the winter months (November to April), sunrise tends to happen between 6:00 AM and 6:30 AM, and sunset occurs between 5:30 PM and 6:00 PM. It’s important to note that these times can vary slightly depending on the specific location within Thu Duc.

Sunlight and Weather Patterns

Thu Duc experiences abundant sunshine throughout the year, with an average of over 2,700 hours of sunlight annually. The dry season, which runs from November to April, is characterized by clear skies and plenty of sunshine, providing ideal conditions for outdoor activities. The rainy season, from May to October, brings frequent rainfall, but the sun still shines intermittently, offering some relief from the humidity. The average temperature in Thu Duc ranges from 25°C to 30°C (77°F to 86°F) year-round, making it a warm and inviting destination for visitors.

Moon in Thu Duc, Vietnam

The moon’s appearance and influence in Thu Duc, Vietnam, vary throughout the lunar cycle. During the new moon, the sky is typically dark and starlit, as the moon’s illumination is minimal. As the moon progresses through its phases, its visibility increases, reaching its peak during the full moon. At this time, the moon casts a bright, silvery glow over Thu Duc, illuminating the city’s streets and buildings.

The moon’s gravitational pull also affects Thu Duc’s tides. At high tide, the sea level rises, while at low tide, it falls. These tidal fluctuations impact the daily lives of Thu Duc’s residents, particularly those who live or work near the coast. Fishermen and sailors rely on the moon’s position to determine the best times for fishing and sailing. Additionally, the moon’s gravitational pull influences the movement of sediment and the shape of the coastline, playing a role in the formation of beaches, estuaries, and other coastal features.

Humidity in Thu Duc, Vietnam

Thu Duc, a city located in the southern region of Vietnam, experiences high levels of humidity throughout the year. The average annual relative humidity in Thu Duc is around 80%, with higher levels during the rainy season, which typically lasts from May to October. During this period, the humidity can reach up to 90% or even higher, creating an uncomfortable and oppressive atmosphere.

The high humidity in Thu Duc is primarily due to its tropical monsoon climate, characterized by warm temperatures and abundant rainfall. The city’s proximity to the sea also contributes to the high humidity levels, as the moisture-laden air from the ocean is carried inland by the prevailing winds. The combination of high temperatures and moisture in the air creates a muggy and sticky environment, making it difficult to regulate body temperature and increasing the risk of dehydration and heat-related illnesses.

Wind Direction and Speed

In Thu Duc, Vietnam, the prevailing wind direction is from the northeast, typically during the winter months (November to April). During this period, the wind speeds are generally moderate, ranging from 10 to 15 kilometers per hour (6-9 miles per hour). However, during the summer months (May to October), the wind direction shifts to the southwest, and wind speeds increase slightly, reaching an average of 15-20 kilometers per hour (9-12 miles per hour).

Impact of Wind on Thu Duc

The wind in Thu Duc primarily affects the city’s air quality. The northeast wind during the winter months carries cooler and drier air from the land, resulting in better air quality. In contrast, the southwest wind during the summer months transports warm and humid air from the sea, leading to higher levels of air pollution. Additionally, the strong winds sometimes experienced in Thu Duc during the transition periods between seasons can cause damage to infrastructure and disrupt transportation, particularly during rainy periods when trees and power lines may be vulnerable.

Best Time to Visit Thu Duc for Pleasant Weather

The most favorable time to visit Thu Duc is during the dry season, which spans from November to April. During this period, the region experiences minimal precipitation, providing ideal conditions for outdoor activities and sightseeing. Temperatures remain consistently warm, ranging from 25 to 30 degrees Celsius (77 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit), with occasional cool evenings. The humidity is also lower, creating a comfortable and refreshing atmosphere. Visitors can enjoy clear skies and sunshine, maximizing their exploration of Thu Duc’s natural and cultural attractions.

Extended Season for Optimal Experiences

While the dry season offers the best weather conditions, visitors may also consider the shoulder months of May and October for a slightly different experience. Temperatures in these months can reach up to 32 degrees Celsius (90 degrees Fahrenheit) with higher humidity, but the occasional rainfall provides a brief respite from the heat. The greenery is at its peak during these months, with lush vegetation and vibrant flowers adding to the scenic beauty of Thu Duc. Crowds are typically smaller during this time, allowing for a more intimate and authentic exploration of the city.

Potential for Solar Energy in Thu Duc

Thu Duc, Vietnam possesses significant potential for harnessing solar energy due to its favorable geographical location and abundant sunshine. The city is situated within the tropical zone, receiving an average of approximately 2,500 sunshine hours annually. This high solar insolation creates an ideal environment for photovoltaic (PV) systems, which convert sunlight directly into electricity. Additionally, Thu Duc’s rapidly growing energy demand and government incentives make it an attractive location for solar power development.

Harnessing Solar Energy in Thu Duc

Thu Duc has already taken steps to utilize its solar energy potential. In 2019, the city installed a 1.5-megawatt solar rooftop system on the roof of a local factory, the largest solar rooftop project in Vietnam at the time. The project has demonstrated the technical and economic viability of solar energy in Thu Duc, inspiring other businesses and households to consider similar installations. Furthermore, the government has launched several initiatives to promote solar energy adoption, including feed-in tariffs and tax incentives. These measures are expected to accelerate the growth of the solar industry in Thu Duc and contribute to the city’s transition towards a sustainable energy future.

Topography of Thu Duc, Vietnam

Thu Duc is located in the southeastern region of Vietnam, approximately 15 kilometers northeast of Ho Chi Minh City. The city is situated on the banks of the Saigon River and is characterized by a diverse topography that includes lowlands, hills, and waterways. The eastern part of the city is dominated by the Thu Duc Hills, which are a series of low-lying hills that rise to an elevation of about 60 meters above sea level. These hills are covered in lush vegetation and provide panoramic views of the surrounding area. The western part of the city is located in the Saigon River Delta and is characterized by flat, fertile land that is used for agriculture.


Thu Duc is home to a number of rivers and canals that play an important role in the city’s transportation and economy. The Saigon River, which flows through the city, is the main waterway and provides access to the sea. The river is also used for irrigation and fishing. Other major waterways in the city include the Dong Nai River, the Saigon-Dong Nai Canal, and the Nhieu Loc-Thi Nghe Canal. These waterways are used for transportation, irrigation, and recreation. In addition to its rivers and canals, Thu Duc is also home to a number of lakes, including the Ho Chi Minh City Lake and the Thu Duc Lake. These lakes are popular destinations for tourists and locals alike.

Tan Son Nhat International Airport

Tan Son Nhat International Airport (SGN) is the primary airport serving Ho Chi Minh City, which is located approximately 15 kilometers (9 miles) from Thu Duc City. It is the largest and busiest airport in Vietnam, handling both domestic and international flights. Tan Son Nhat Airport offers a wide range of flight options, including connections to major cities in Asia, Europe, and North America. The airport is easily accessible from Thu Duc via a variety of transportation services, including taxis, buses, and ride-sharing platforms.

While Tan Son Nhat Airport is the closest airport to Thu Duc, it is often congested and can be challenging to navigate. For this reason, some travelers may consider flying into neighboring airports such as Can Tho International Airport (VCA) or Phu Quoc International Airport (PQC). However, these airports are located significantly further away from Thu Duc and may require additional travel time.

Culture and History

Thu Duc City holds a rich cultural heritage deeply intertwined with its historical past. The city was once home to the ancient Oc Eo civilization, which flourished between the 1st century BCE and the 6th century CE. During this period, Thu Duc played a crucial role as a major trading hub and religious center. Remnants of this civilization can still be seen at the Di An Archaeological Site, showcasing the city’s ancient roots.

Throughout history, Thu Duc has also been influenced by various cultures, including Chinese, Indian, and French. This cultural diversity has left a lasting imprint on the city’s architecture, cuisine, and traditions. The French colonial period, in particular, had a significant impact on Thu Duc’s urban development, leaving behind iconic buildings and infrastructure that blend European and Vietnamese influences. Today, the city continues to embrace its cultural heritage while embracing modern trends, resulting in a vibrant and dynamic cultural landscape.