San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida Climate & Monthly Temperature Overview – Mexico


San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida experiences a subtropical highland climate with warm, rainy summers and mild, dry winters. The average yearly temperature hovers around 63°F (17°C), with variations between the warmest month (May) with an average of 72°F (22°C) and the coldest month (January) with an average of 53°F (12°C). The city is located within the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt and is subject to occasional thermal inversions during the winter months, leading to cooler nights and warmer days.

Average Weather Year Round

Rainfall is concentrated in the summer months, with an annual average of 35 inches (900 mm). The rainy season typically extends from May to September, during which time the city experiences frequent heavy downpours. During the winter months, precipitation is minimal, with occasional light drizzle or fog. Sunshine is abundant throughout the year, with an average of 8 hours of sunlight per day. Humidity levels remain relatively consistent throughout the year, ranging from 60% to 80%.

Seasonal Temperatures

The average temperature in San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida, Mexico, varies significantly throughout the year. The hottest months are April and May, with average temperatures ranging from 22°C to 26°C (71.6°F to 78.8°F). The coldest months are December and January, with average temperatures around 14°C to 16°C (57.2°F to 60.8°F). The city experiences a relatively dry season from November to April and a wet season from May to October, with most rainfall occurring during the summer months.

Annual Temperature Fluctuations

Over the past decade, the average annual temperature in San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida has ranged from 18.5°C to 19.5°C (65.3°F to 67.1°F). The highest recorded temperature was 38°C (100.4°F) in April 2012, while the lowest recorded temperature was 0°C (32°F) in January 2010. The city generally experiences moderate temperature variations throughout the year, with warm and sunny days followed by cool nights. However, occasional cold fronts can bring cooler temperatures and sporadic rains during the winter months.

Cloud Cover Characteristics

San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida, Mexico is characterized by a diverse range of cloud cover patterns throughout the year. During the dry season (November to April), the region experiences predominantly clear skies with occasional cirrus or cumulus clouds. These clouds are generally thin and high in the atmosphere, allowing abundant sunshine to reach the surface.

In the wet season (May to October), cloud cover increases significantly due to the influence of the North American Monsoon. Thick cumulonimbus clouds associated with convective thunderstorms become common, bringing heavy rainfall to the region. Cumulus and stratocumulus clouds are also prevalent during this season, often leading to overcast conditions.

Cloud Cover Variability

The timing and duration of cloud cover in San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida vary depending on seasonal and meteorological factors. During the dry season, cloud cover is typically minimal and consistent, with occasional cloud formations passing through. In the wet season, cloud cover is more variable, with frequent shifts between clear skies and overcast conditions. The intensity and duration of rainfall associated with cloud cover can also vary significantly, ranging from light showers to torrential downpours.

Annual Precipitation

San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida experiences an annual average precipitation of approximately 800 millimeters (31.5 inches). The majority of this precipitation falls during the wet season, which typically runs from May to October. During this period, the city receives an average of 60 to 80 millimeters (2.4 to 3.1 inches) of rain per month. The driest months are typically January, February, and March, when precipitation averages around 20 millimeters (0.8 inches) per month.

Variability and Extremes

Precipitation in San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida is characterized by high variability, both seasonally and annually. The city has experienced periods of extreme drought, with annual precipitation falling below 500 millimeters (19.7 inches). Conversely, during particularly wet years, precipitation has exceeded 1,000 millimeters (39.4 inches). The city is also susceptible to occasional tropical storms and hurricanes, which can bring torrential rainfall and flooding. In recent years, climate change has contributed to an increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, including heavy rainfall and droughts.

Average Annual Rainfall

San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida, Mexico, experiences a relatively dry climate, featuring an average annual rainfall of approximately 500-600 millimeters (mm). The rainfall distribution is uneven throughout the year, with most precipitation occurring during the summer months (May to September). During this time, the region experiences frequent thunderstorms and occasionally heavy rainfall, contributing to the high seasonal totals.

Seasonal Variation

The dry season in San Martin Texmelucan typically lasts from October to April, with minimal rainfall. During this period, the skies are predominantly clear, with occasional light showers. However, during the summer months, the arrival of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) brings increased rainfall and humidity. This zone is a region of low atmospheric pressure and high precipitation where the trade winds converge, resulting in frequent cloud formation and precipitation. The ITCZ’s influence on San Martin Texmelucan contributes to the marked difference in rainfall between the wet and dry seasons.

Historical Snowfall Event

On January 17, 2023, an unprecedented snowfall blanketed San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida, Mexico, a city located in the central-eastern state of Puebla. The snowstorm began in the early morning hours and continued for several hours, leaving a thick layer of white powder on the streets, buildings, and surrounding countryside. The last time snowfall was recorded in the city was 79 years ago, marking this event as a truly extraordinary occurrence.

Impact on the Community

The snowfall brought both joy and challenges to the residents of San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida. While many welcomed the opportunity to witness and experience such a rare weather phenomenon, the extreme cold and icy conditions disrupted daily life. Roads became impassable, schools and businesses were closed, and transportation was severely affected. Additionally, the weight of the snow caused damage to some homes and other structures. Despite the inconveniences, the snowfall has also created a sense of unity and wonder among the community members, who came together to help each other during this unusual weather event.

Summer Solstice

During the summer solstice, which typically occurs in June, the sun reaches its highest point in the sky in San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida, Mexico. This marks the longest day of the year, with the most daylight hours. The sun rises early and sets late, with extended periods of sunlight. The weather during this time is typically warm and sunny, making it an ideal time to enjoy outdoor activities and witness the celestial phenomenon.

Winter Solstice

In contrast, the winter solstice marks the shortest day of the year, usually occurring in December. During this time, the sun is at its lowest point in the sky in San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida. The days are shorter, with less daylight hours, and the sun rises late and sets early. The weather during this period is often cooler, with the potential for frost and colder temperatures. Despite the lack of sunlight, the winter solstice offers its own unique beauty, as the nights become longer and provide opportunities for stargazing and cozy indoor gatherings.

Moonrise and Moonset Times

In San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida, Mexico, the moon rises and sets at different times throughout the month. The exact timing depends on the specific day of the month and the time of year. For example, on March 8, 2023, the moon will rise at 6:05 AM and set at 6:30 PM. On the other hand, on September 23, 2023, the moon will rise at 7:15 PM and set at 7:45 AM. To find the most up-to-date moonrise and moonset times for San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida, Mexico, it is recommended to consult an online source or a local astronomy club.

Moon Phases

The moon goes through different phases throughout the month, from new moon to full moon and back again. In San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida, Mexico, the moon phases are visible in the night sky. For example, on March 8, 2023, the moon will be in a waxing gibbous phase, which means that it will be more than half full but not quite full. On September 23, 2023, the moon will be in a waning crescent phase, which means that it will be less than half full and getting smaller. To learn more about the moon phases and their significance, it is recommended to consult a book or website on astronomy.

Annual Humidity Patterns

San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida experiences moderate humidity levels throughout the year. The average annual humidity ranges from 40% to 60%, indicating a relatively dry climate compared to other parts of Mexico. The humidity is lowest during the months of December to February, dipping below 45%. This period coincides with the cool and dry winter season. During the summer months (June to August), humidity levels rise slightly to around 55-60%, influenced by the increased rainfall and evaporation. The humid season typically extends from May to October, with intermittent showers and thunderstorms.

Seasonal Variations

Seasonal changes in humidity are noticeable in San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida. The wet season, which runs from May to October, brings ample rainfall, leading to higher humidity levels. During this period, the humidity often exceeds 50% and can reach as high as 70% during prolonged rainfall events. The dry season, from November to April, is characterized by lower humidity levels, typically ranging from 40% to 50%. This is due to decreased precipitation and drier winds. The winter months of December to February experience the lowest humidity due to the cold and dry air masses that prevail during this time.

Wind Speed and Direction

San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida experiences moderate wind speeds throughout the year, with an average of 10-15 kilometers per hour. The prevailing wind direction is from the northeast, providing a cooling breeze from the Sierra Norte Mountains. However, occasional strong winds from the south or southeast can occur during the summer months, bringing warm and humid air from the Gulf of Mexico.

Seasonal Variations

Wind patterns in San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida vary seasonally. During the dry season (October to April), the winds are generally lighter and more consistent, as high-pressure systems from the north dominate the weather. In contrast, the wet season (May to September) brings increased humidity and more variable wind patterns. Thunderstorms and tropical cyclones can produce strong gusts of wind, occasionally leading to property damage.

Best Time to Visit for Ideal Weather

The best time to visit San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida for optimal weather conditions is during the dry season, which typically runs from November to April. During this period, the town experiences warm and sunny days with average temperatures ranging between 15°C (59°F) and 25°C (77°F). The humidity is relatively low, making it comfortable to spend time outdoors and enjoy the town’s attractions. The clear skies and low precipitation provide excellent opportunities for sightseeing, photography, and outdoor activities.

Best Time to Visit for Festivals and Events

For those interested in experiencing the town’s vibrant cultural heritage, the best time to visit is during the yearly festivals and events. One of the most significant events is the “Feria de San Martin Obispo,” held in October. This festival celebrates the town’s patron saint with a lively procession, traditional music, folkloric dance performances, and amusement rides. Other notable events include the “Feria de la Gordita” in September, showcasing the town’s famous gorditas (stuffed tortillas), and the “Festival del Mole” in August, honoring the local mole sauce. Attending these events offers a unique glimpse into the town’s traditions, culinary delights, and community spirit.

Potential and Development

San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida, located in Puebla, Mexico, possesses significant potential for solar energy utilization. The region experiences high solar irradiance throughout the year, making it suitable for photovoltaic (PV) system installations. The availability of vast underdeveloped land areas provides ample space for large-scale solar farms, offering opportunities for renewable energy development. Several solar projects are already underway in the municipality, showcasing the growing interest and commitment to clean energy solutions.

Benefits and Impacts

Harnessing solar energy in San Martin Texmelucan offers numerous benefits. It contributes to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, mitigating climate change impacts, and promoting sustainable development. Solar energy generation reduces reliance on fossil fuels, enhancing energy security and independence. Additionally, the development of solar projects creates local employment opportunities and stimulates economic growth in the region. The transition to solar energy also improves air quality by reducing pollution associated with traditional energy sources.

Mountains and Valleys

The topography of San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida, Mexico, is characterized by a combination of mountains and valleys. The city is situated within the Sierra Norte de Puebla, a mountain range that runs through the state of Puebla. The Sierra Norte is known for its rugged peaks and deep valleys, which provide a backdrop of natural beauty for the city. The highest peak in the Sierra Norte is Pico de Orizaba, which is also the highest mountain in Mexico.

Rivers and Streams

San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida is also home to several rivers and streams. The most important river in the city is the Atoyac River, which runs through the center of the city. The Atoyac River is a tributary of the Balsas River, which is one of the largest rivers in Mexico. The Atoyac River provides the city with water for drinking, irrigation, and transportation. Other rivers and streams in the city include the Texmelucan River, the Labastida River, and the El Salto River. These rivers and streams provide the city with an abundant water supply and support a diverse ecosystem.

Nearest Domestic Airport

The closest domestic airport to San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida is Hermanos Serdán International Airport (PUE), located approximately 35 kilometers (22 miles) northeast of the city. PUE serves Puebla, the capital of the state of Puebla, and is a hub for the Mexican airline Volaris. It offers a variety of domestic flights to destinations such as Mexico City, Monterrey, and Cancun. From PUE, travelers can easily connect to other major cities in Mexico and beyond.

Nearest International Airport

For international flights, the nearest airport to San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida is Benito Juárez International Airport (MEX), located approximately 130 kilometers (81 miles) southwest of the city in Mexico City. MEX is the largest and busiest airport in Latin America, serving as a major hub for both domestic and international flights. It offers connections to destinations all over the world, including North America, South America, Europe, and Asia. Travelers from San Martin Texmelucan de Labastida can access MEX via private transportation or public transportation, such as intercity buses or the metro system.

History and Culture:

San Martín Texmelucan de Labastida is a municipality in the Mexican state of Puebla, boasting a rich historical and cultural heritage. The area has been inhabited since pre-Hispanic times, with its origins tracing back to the Olmec culture. The city was founded in 1540 by Spanish conquistadors and named after Saint Martin of Tours, the patron saint of soldiers. San Martín Texmelucan experienced significant growth during the colonial period and played a key role in the Mexican Revolution, serving as a strategic point for both the revolutionaries and the federal army. Today, the municipality retains its historical charm, with numerous colonial-era buildings and cultural landmarks. The municipality is home to the Tlaxcala-Puebla Valley, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, renowned for its historical and cultural significance.

Economy and Infrastructure:

San Martín Texmelucan de Labastida is a bustling economic hub in the state of Puebla. The municipality has a diversified economy, with a strong presence in the automotive, textile, and food processing industries. Additionally, the municipality is an important transportation hub, with major highways and rail lines connecting it to the rest of the country. San Martín Texmelucan benefits from modern infrastructure, including hospitals, schools, and recreational facilities. The municipality’s central location and access to transportation networks have attracted numerous businesses and industries, further contributing to its economic development. The city is home to various industrial parks, which house numerous companies and manufacturers. San Martín Texmelucan’s strategic position and accessibility have made it an attractive destination for investment and economic growth.