Sahab Climate & Monthly Temperature Overview – Jordan

Summer in Sahab, Jordan

Summers in Sahab are long, hot, and dry. Temperatures regularly exceed 30 degrees Celsius (86 degrees Fahrenheit), with little to no rainfall. The average high temperature in July, the hottest month, is 36 degrees Celsius (96.8 degrees Fahrenheit), while the average low is 22 degrees Celsius (71.6 degrees Fahrenheit). The humidity is typically low, making the heat more bearable. However, heat waves are not uncommon, with temperatures occasionally reaching 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit) or higher.

Winter in Sahab, Jordan

Winters in Sahab are relatively mild, with average temperatures ranging from 10 to 15 degrees Celsius (50 to 59 degrees Fahrenheit). Rainfall is more common during the winter months, although it remains infrequent. The coldest month is January, with an average high of 13 degrees Celsius (55.4 degrees Fahrenheit) and an average low of 5 degrees Celsius (41 degrees Fahrenheit). Frost and occasional snowfall are rare but not unprecedented. The humidity is typically higher during winter, making the weather feel colder than it actually is.

Summer Season

During the summer months (June to September), Sahab experiences scorching temperatures. The average temperature during this period ranges from 28 to 35 degrees Celsius (82 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit). July and August are typically the hottest months, with average temperatures hovering around 35 degrees Celsius (95 degrees Fahrenheit). Summer in Sahab is characterized by intense heat and abundant sunshine, making it an ideal time for outdoor activities and swimming. However, it is essential to take precautions against heatstroke and dehydration during the hotter hours of the day.

Winter Season

Winter in Sahab (December to February) is relatively mild compared to other parts of Jordan, with average temperatures ranging from 7 to 13 degrees Celsius (45 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit). Occasionally, temperatures can dip below freezing, bringing frost and occasional light snowfall. January is typically the coldest month, with average temperatures around 7 degrees Celsius (45 degrees Fahrenheit). Despite the cooler conditions, Sahab’s winters are generally pleasant and provide a respite from the summer heat.

Clouds in Sahab, Jordan

Sahab, a city located just south of the capital Amman, experiences a wide range of cloud cover throughout the year. During the winter months (November to April), clouds are frequent and often bring rain or snow. The most common cloud types during this time are stratus, nimbostratus, and cumulonimbus. Stratus clouds are low, uniform gray clouds that cover the entire sky and often produce drizzle or light rain. Nimbostratus clouds are similar to stratus clouds but thicker and darker, producing steady rain or snow. Cumulonimbus clouds are towering clouds with a cauliflower-like appearance that can produce heavy rain, thunderstorms, and hail.

In the summer months (May to October), clouds are less frequent and typically appear in scattered patches. The most common cloud types during this time are cirrus, cumulus, and altocumulus. Cirrus clouds are thin, wispy clouds that appear at high altitudes and are made of ice crystals. Cumulus clouds are puffy white clouds with flat bases that often indicate fair weather. Altocumulus clouds are similar to cumulus clouds but appear at higher altitudes and have a more rounded shape. During the summer, clouds often form over the mountains to the west of Sahab and can produce localized showers or thunderstorms.

Seasonal Distribution of Precipitation

Sahab, Jordan experiences a distinct seasonal distribution of precipitation, characterized by a wet season from November to April and a dry season from May to October. During the wet season, the region receives the bulk of its annual rainfall, primarily in the form of rain and occasionally snowfall. The frequency and intensity of precipitation events tend to be higher in the winter months, particularly in December, January, and February. Conversely, the dry season is characterized by minimal precipitation, with hot and arid conditions prevailing. Summer months often see extended periods of drought, with average rainfall amounts close to zero.

Long-Term Precipitation Trends

Long-term precipitation data reveal that Sahab, Jordan has experienced significant fluctuations in precipitation patterns over the past several decades. While the overall trend indicates a gradual increase in annual rainfall, there have been notable periods of variability. In recent years, the region has faced increasingly frequent and severe droughts, particularly during the summer months. These droughts have had a profound impact on the local ecosystem, agriculture, and water resources. Climate change is believed to be a contributing factor to the observed changes in precipitation patterns, as it alters atmospheric circulation patterns and influences the frequency and intensity of precipitation events.

Annual Rainfall Patterns

Rainfall in Sahab, Jordan, is characterized by a distinct wet and dry season. The wet season typically begins in October and extends through April, with the majority of precipitation occurring from December to February. During this period, Sahab experiences frequent rainfall, often resulting in flash floods and occasionally severe storms. The average annual rainfall in Sahab is approximately 200 mm, with variations depending on specific weather patterns and climate cycles.

Distribution and Topography

The distribution of rainfall in Sahab is influenced by the city’s topographical features. The city is located in a valley between two hills, which create a rain shadow effect. This results in heavier rainfall on the slopes of the hills and reduced precipitation in the valley floor. Additionally, the city’s proximity to the Great Rift Valley and the Dead Sea affects its rainfall patterns, with moist air from the Mediterranean Sea occasionally bringing significant rainfall events.

History of Snowfall in Sahab, Jordan

Snowfall in Sahab, Jordan is a rare but significant event. Historically, the city has experienced occasional snowfalls, with notable instances occurring in 1936, 1950, 1963, 1992, and 2008. These events have typically been short-lived, with snow melting away within a few hours or days. The presence of snowfall in Sahab is a testament to the city’s unique climate, which is influenced by its elevation and proximity to the Mediterranean Sea. During winter months, cold air originating from Eastern Europe can interact with warm, moist air from the Mediterranean, leading to the formation of precipitation in the form of snow.

Impact of Snowfall on Sahab

While snowfall in Sahab is infrequent, it has a significant impact on the city. When snowfall occurs, roads and sidewalks become impassable, leading to disruptions in transportation and daily life. Schools and businesses may close, and public services may be affected. However, snowfall also brings with it a sense of wonder and excitement. Residents can enjoy the beauty of the snow-covered landscape, engage in winter activities such as sledding and snowball fights, and create lasting memories. Snowfall can also replenish water resources and improve air quality, providing benefits to the local environment. In addition, the rare occurrence of snowfall in Sahab makes it a cherished event, bringing together the community and creating a sense of unity.

Sunrise in Sahab, Jordan

As the first rays of dawn peek over the eastern horizon, the city of Sahab, Jordan, awakens to a breathtaking spectacle. The sky transforms into a vibrant tapestry of colors, ranging from fiery reds to brilliant oranges and soothing pinks. The distant mountains cast long shadows across the cityscape, creating an ethereal silhouette against the celestial canvas. As the sun ascends higher, its golden glow illuminates the bustling streets, casting a warm glow on the vibrant faces of the city’s inhabitants.

Sunset in Sahab, Jordan

As the day draws to a close, the sky over Sahab transforms into a mesmerizing masterpiece once more. The setting sun paints hues of amber, crimson, and purple across the horizon, reflecting on the tranquil waters of the Jordan River. The city’s rooftops and minarets glow with a warm radiance, creating a picturesque silhouette against the fading daylight. As darkness descends, the stars begin to twinkle above, casting a gentle glow upon the city’s serene surroundings. The air fills with the scent of jasmine and orange blossoms, mingling with the gentle breeze that whispers through the palm trees, creating a truly enchanting end to the day.

Lunar Observation in Sahab, Jordan

The municipality of Sahab, located just southwest of Amman, Jordan’s capital, offers favorable conditions for observing the moon due to its clear skies and minimal urban light pollution. The Sahab Observatory is a popular destination for astronomy enthusiasts and the general public, providing telescopes for detailed lunar viewing. The observatory’s location provides optimal clarity, allowing visitors to witness the Moon’s craters, mountains, and other features in stunning detail.

Lunar Photography and Research

Sahab’s geographical advantages also make it suitable for lunar photography and research. Astrophotographers capture high-resolution images of the Moon’s surface, revealing hidden details and contributing to scientific understanding. The absence of significant light pollution enables researchers to study the Moon’s composition, topography, and the effects of space weathering without interference from artificial light sources. Furthermore, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) has designated Sahab as the home of the “Moon Village,” a global initiative to establish a permanent lunar base for scientific exploration and human habitation in the future.

Yearly Humidity in Sahab

Sahab, Jordan, experiences significant humidity variations throughout the year. The driest months are typically July and August, with relative humidity levels dropping to around 35-40%. During these months, the air is drier and more comfortable, leading to less moisture in the atmosphere.

On the contrary, the most humid months in Sahab are December and January, when relative humidity levels can exceed 65%. This increased humidity is a result of higher rainfall and cooler temperatures, which allow water vapor to accumulate in the air.

Seasonal Humidity Patterns

Sahab’s humidity patterns exhibit a seasonal cycle. During the spring and summer months (March to October), humidity levels are generally lower, with relative humidity ranging between 40-55%. This is due to the warmer temperatures and lower precipitation, which reduce the amount of moisture in the air.

In contrast, the fall and winter months (November to February) experience higher humidity levels, with relative humidity often exceeding 55%. This increase is caused by the cooler temperatures and higher rainfall, which promote water vapor condensation in the air.

Wind patterns

The wind patterns in Sahab, Jordan are primarily influenced by the region’s location within the Jordan Valley and its proximity to the Mediterranean Sea. During the summer months (June to September), the prevailing wind direction is from the northwest, bringing in cool and dry air from the Mediterranean. These winds often provide a refreshing respite from the intense heat and humidity common during this time of year.

In the winter months (November to March), the wind direction typically shifts to the northeast, bringing in cooler and wetter air from the interior of the country. These winds can sometimes bring with them occasional dust storms, particularly during the spring months when the dry and dusty conditions are most prevalent. Additionally, Sahab experiences occasional strong winds known as “sharqi” winds, which originate from the east and can bring with them hot and dry air, sometimes accompanied by dust and sand particles.

Wind speed

The average wind speed in Sahab, Jordan varies throughout the year, with the strongest winds occurring during the spring and summer months. During these months, wind speeds can reach up to 30 kilometers per hour (19 mph) or more, particularly during the afternoon and evening hours. In contrast, wind speeds during the winter months are typically much calmer, with an average of around 10 kilometers per hour (6 mph). The highest wind speeds recorded in Sahab have reached up to 50 kilometers per hour (31 mph), typically associated with strong easterly winds or occasional storms.

Spring (March to May)

Spring is an ideal time to visit Sahab, Jordan, as the weather is generally mild and pleasant. With average temperatures ranging from 15 to 25 degrees Celsius, you can comfortably explore the city’s many attractions without the discomfort of extreme heat or cold. This season also brings a burst of color to the city, with wildflowers blooming in abundance and creating a picturesque setting.

Autumn (September to November)

Autumn is another excellent time to visit Sahab. The heat of summer has subsided, and temperatures hover between 10 and 20 degrees Celsius. The weather is still conducive to outdoor activities, and the foliage begins to turn vibrant shades of yellow and orange, making for stunning scenery. Autumn is also a popular time for religious holidays, which add to the city’s cultural richness and provide an opportunity to experience traditional Jordanian celebrations.

Potential and Development

Sahab, Jordan possesses significant potential for solar energy utilization due to its favorable geographical location and ample sunshine throughout the year. The region’s high solar irradiance offers a promising opportunity for both grid-connected and off-grid solar power systems. In recent years, there has been growing interest in developing solar energy projects in Sahab, driven by rising energy demands, increasing environmental concerns, and government incentives. Several large-scale solar farms have been established, and smaller residential and commercial installations are also gaining popularity.

Economic and Environmental Impact

The development of solar energy in Sahab has had a positive impact on the local economy. The construction and operation of solar farms create job opportunities and attract investments in the region. Additionally, solar energy reduces the reliance on imported fossil fuels, leading to cost savings and improved energy security. From an environmental perspective, solar energy contributes to the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions, combating climate change and improving air quality. By replacing fossil fuel-based power generation with clean and renewable solar energy, Sahab can transition towards a more sustainable energy future, reducing its environmental footprint while ensuring the well-being of future generations.

General Topography

Sahab, a city located in Jordan, is characterized by a diverse and unique topography. The city lies in a valley within the Jordan Valley, which is bounded by the Ajlun Mountains to the east and the Salt Mountains to the west. The valley floor is generally flat and comprises a mixture of agricultural land, residential areas, and industrial zones. The city’s elevation ranges from approximately 700 to 800 meters above sea level, providing it with a relatively mild climate compared to other regions of Jordan.

Hills and Valleys

Within the Sahab valley, several hills and smaller valleys can be observed. The most prominent of these is Mount Siyagha, located to the northeast of the city. Mount Siyagha rises to an elevation of over 1,000 meters, offering panoramic views of the city and its surroundings. Other notable hills include Abu Mahfood and Al-Sheikh, which provide natural landmarks and recreational areas for local residents. The valleys between these hills often contain seasonal streams and lush vegetation, contributing to the city’s scenic beauty.

Queen Alia International Airport (AMM)

Queen Alia International Airport (AMM) is the primary airport serving Sahab, Jordan. It is located approximately 30 kilometers (19 miles) north of Sahab and is easily accessible by car or bus. The airport has two terminals, with Terminal 1 serving international flights and Terminal 2 serving domestic flights. AMM is a modern and well-equipped airport with a wide range of amenities, including duty-free shops, restaurants, and currency exchange services. It is also a major hub for Royal Jordanian Airlines, the national carrier of Jordan.

Marka International Airport (ADJ)

Marka International Airport (ADJ) is a smaller airport located approximately 10 kilometers (6 miles) southwest of Sahab. It primarily serves domestic flights and is used by low-cost carriers such as Air Arabia and Jordan Aviation. ADJ is a smaller and less modern airport than AMM, but it offers a more convenient location for travelers heading to Sahab. It is also connected to the city center by public transportation.

Both Queen Alia International Airport and Marka International Airport offer convenient access to Sahab. The choice of airport depends on the traveler’s budget, preferred airline, and desired level of convenience.

Location and History

Sahab is a city located in central Jordan, approximately 15 kilometers south of the capital city of Amman. It is situated on the outskirts of the Zarqa Governorate and is one of the major industrial hubs of Jordan. Sahab’s history dates back to ancient times, with archaeological evidence indicating that the area was inhabited as early as the Iron Age. It was later conquered by the Romans and became part of the Roman province of Arabia Petraea. In the 16th century, Sahab was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire and remained under Ottoman rule until the early 20th century.

Industry and Economy

Sahab is home to one of the largest industrial estates in Jordan, which is known for its production of textiles, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, and food products. The industrial sector employs a significant portion of Sahab’s population and contributes heavily to the city’s economy. Sahab is also a major commercial center, with numerous shopping malls, markets, and restaurants. It is a popular destination for shoppers from the surrounding region, particularly during the weekends. In recent years, Sahab has also witnessed a growing number of technology and innovation-based startups, further diversifying its economy.