Ourense Climate & Monthly Temperature Overview – Spain

Temperature and Precipitation

Ourense, Spain, experiences a humid subtropical climate with distinct seasons throughout the year. Winters are relatively cool, with average daily temperatures ranging from 39°F (4°C) in January to 45°F (7°C) in December. Summers, on the other hand, are warm and dry, with average daily temperatures reaching up to 88°F (31°C) in August. Precipitation is abundant throughout the year, with an average annual rainfall of around 35 inches (890 mm). Rainfall is most frequent during the winter and spring months, with occasional thunderstorms occurring during the summer.

Humidity and Wind

Humidity levels in Ourense are generally high throughout the year, with an average annual humidity of around 75%. The highest humidity levels are experienced during the winter months, when they can reach up to 90%. Winds in Ourense are typically light and variable, with an average wind speed of around 10 mph (16 km/h). However, stronger winds can occur during the winter months, particularly during storms or when influenced by larger weather systems in the region. Overall, the climate of Ourense provides a pleasant living environment with mild temperatures, abundant rainfall, and moderate humidity levels.

Seasonal Temperatures

Ourense, located in northwestern Spain, experiences a humid subtropical climate with warm summers and mild winters. The average temperature throughout the year is 14°C (57°F). During the summer months (June to September), temperatures often reach highs of 28°C (82°F) and lows of 15°C (59°F). In contrast, during the winter months (December to February), temperatures average between 7°C (45°F) and 2°C (36°F). The city experiences occasional snowfall in the winter months.

Rainfall and Sunshine

Ourense receives an average of 1,000 mm (39 inches) of rainfall annually. Rainfall is spread throughout the year, with the wettest months being October and November. The city also enjoys an abundance of sunshine, with an average of 2,700 hours of sunlight per year. The driest months are July and August, while the cloudiest months are December and January.

Cloud Types

Ourense, Spain, experiences a diverse range of cloud formations throughout the year. During winter, low-level clouds such as stratus and stratocumulus are prevalent, often bringing overcast skies and drizzle. As spring approaches, cumulus clouds become more common, characterized by their puffy, cotton-ball appearance. In summer, towering cumulonimbus clouds may develop, bringing thunderstorms and occasional hail.

Seasonal Cloud Patterns

The frequency and types of clouds in Ourense vary seasonally. In winter, cloud cover is typically extensive, with overcast conditions persisting for several days at a time. During spring, clouds become more intermittent, allowing for occasional periods of sunshine. Summer brings the highest chance of clear skies, particularly in the early morning and late evening. Autumn marks a transition period, with increasing cloud cover and the potential for rain or drizzle.

Monthly Precipitation

Ourense, Spain experiences significant seasonal variations in precipitation. The wettest months are November and December, with average rainfall exceeding 150 mm. Precipitation levels gradually decrease from January to May, with April being the driest month with an average rainfall of around 50 mm. From June to August, precipitation remains relatively low, typically below 50 mm per month. September and October see a slight increase in rainfall, averaging around 100 mm per month.

Distribution and Intensity

Precipitation in Ourense is generally evenly distributed throughout the year, with no pronounced dry or wet seasons. However, rainfall intensity can vary significantly. The city occasionally experiences heavy downpours, especially during the autumn and winter months. These intense precipitation events can cause localized flooding and disrupt daily life. Overall, Ourense receives a moderate amount of precipitation, with an annual average of approximately 900 mm.

Rainfall Patterns

Ourense, located in northwestern Spain, experiences a temperate climate with a distinct rainy season. Annual precipitation averages around 900 mm (35.4 inches), distributed fairly evenly throughout the year. However, rainfall is heaviest in the fall and winter months, from October to February. During this period, Ourense receives an average of 200 mm (7.9 inches) of rain per month, contributing to the city’s lush greenery and fertile soils. The wet season is influenced by frequent Atlantic storms and depressions that bring moisture from the west.

Extreme Rainfall Events

While Ourense typically receives moderate rainfall, it is occasionally affected by extreme weather events. Heavy thunderstorms and torrential downpours can cause flash floods, resulting in significant damage to infrastructure, property, and agriculture. In November 2022, Ourense experienced record-breaking rainfall, with over 200 mm (7.9 inches) falling in just 24 hours. Such extreme events are becoming more frequent in recent years due to climate change, posing a growing challenge for the city and its inhabitants.

Historical Snowfall in Ourense, Spain

Ourense, a city in northwestern Spain, has experienced sporadic snowfall throughout its history. However, significant snowfall events have been relatively rare. One of the most notable occurrences was in January 2010, when the city recorded over 10 centimeters of snowfall. This snowfall caused widespread disruption, with schools and businesses being closed and public transportation being severely affected.

Recent Snowfall in Ourense, Spain

In recent years, snowfall in Ourense has become even more infrequent. The last significant snowfall event occurred in December 2022, when the city received a light dusting of snow. However, this snowfall quickly melted away, and no lasting impacts were reported. The lack of snowfall in Ourense can be attributed to its relatively mild climate, which is characterized by warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters.

The Sun’s Path

Ourense, Spain, is located in the northwestern part of the country, in the autonomous community of Galicia. The city is situated in a valley on the banks of the Miño River, and is surrounded by mountains. The sun’s path in Ourense is similar to that of other cities in the northern hemisphere. It rises in the east and sets in the west, and its altitude varies throughout the year. The highest altitude of the sun is reached on the summer solstice, which is around June 21, and the lowest altitude is reached on the winter solstice, which is around December 21.

Intensity of Sunlight

The intensity of sunlight in Ourense is also affected by the latitude of the city. Ourense is located at a latitude of 42°21’N, which means that it receives less sunlight than cities located closer to the equator. The average daily solar radiation in Ourense is about 4.5 kWh/m2, which is lower than the average for Spain as a whole. The highest average daily solar radiation is received in the summer months, while the lowest is received in the winter months.

Moonrise and Moonset Times in Ourense, Spain

The moonrise and moonset times in Ourense, Spain vary throughout the year due to the Earth’s orbit around the sun and the tilt of the Earth’s axis. In general, the moon rises earlier and sets later during the summer months when the days are longer. Conversely, during the winter months, the moon rises later and sets earlier as the days are shorter.

For example, during the month of June, the moonrise time in Ourense typically ranges from around 6:00 AM to 7:30 AM, while the moonset time ranges from approximately 9:00 PM to 10:30 PM. In contrast, during the month of December, the moonrise time typically falls between 7:30 AM and 9:00 AM, and the moonset time occurs between 5:30 PM and 7:00 PM. These times are subject to variation depending on the specific day of the month.

Moon Phases in Ourense, Spain

The moon goes through a series of phases throughout the month as it orbits the Earth. These phases are determined by the relative positions of the sun, Earth, and moon. In Ourense, Spain, the moon phases are the same as those observed in other parts of the world.

The main moon phases include the new moon, waxing crescent, first quarter, waxing gibbous, full moon, waning gibbous, third quarter, and waning crescent. The new moon occurs when the moon is between the Earth and the sun, and it is not visible from Earth. The full moon occurs when the Earth is between the sun and the moon, and the entire face of the moon is illuminated. The other moon phases represent the gradual transitions between the new moon and the full moon.

Humidity Levels in Ourense, Spain

Ourense, located in northwestern Spain, has a humid subtropical climate characterized by warm, humid summers and mild, wet winters. The average annual humidity in Ourense is around 75%, with the highest levels occurring during the summer months. The city often experiences foggy conditions, particularly in the winter, when relative humidity can reach 100%.

During the summer months, high levels of humidity can make temperatures feel uncomfortably hot. The combination of heat and humidity can lead to heat stress, particularly for vulnerable populations such as the elderly, young children, and those with respiratory conditions. To mitigate the effects of humidity, residents often use air conditioners, fans, and other cooling devices. Air quality can also be affected by high humidity, as pollutants are more likely to be trapped in the air.

Wind Patterns in Ourense, Spain

Ourense, a city located in northwestern Spain, experiences distinct wind patterns influenced by its geographic location and local topography. The prevailing wind direction in Ourense is generally from the west and southwest, bringing in moist and temperate air from the Atlantic Ocean. These winds often carry precipitation, contributing to the city’s humid climate. Additionally, the surrounding mountains create a funneling effect, channeling the wind and leading to stronger gusts. The wind speed in Ourense typically ranges from moderate to strong, with frequent gusts during the afternoon and evening.

Seasonal Variations in Wind

The wind patterns in Ourense exhibit seasonal variations. During the winter months, the prevailing winds shift to the north and northeast, bringing in cold and dry air from continental Europe. These winds can be particularly strong and gusty, contributing to the city’s chilly winter temperatures. In contrast, during the summer months, the prevailing winds return to the west and southwest, moderating the temperatures and providing more precipitation. The wind speed also tends to be milder during the summer, with occasional periods of calm or light breezes. The seasonal variations in wind direction and speed in Ourense significantly impact the city’s climate and weather conditions throughout the year.

Spring and Autumn (March-May and September-November)

Spring and autumn offer ideal weather for exploring Ourense and its surroundings. Temperatures during these seasons range from a comfortable low of around 10°C (50°F) to a pleasant high of 25°C (77°F). The moderate temperatures and reduced crowds make these times perfect for leisurely strolls through the historic city center, hiking in the Ribeira Sacra, and visiting the numerous thermal springs that the region is famous for.

Summer (June-August)

Summer brings warm and sunny weather to Ourense, with temperatures often exceeding 30°C (86°F). While the heat can be intense at times, there are plenty of ways to escape the midday sun, such as visiting the air-conditioned Ourense Cathedral or taking a dip in one of the many public pools. The evenings are usually cooler and more pleasant, providing an opportunity to enjoy outdoor activities such as dining al fresco or attending one of the many lively festivals that take place in the summer.

Economic Benefits

Solar energy has emerged as a promising economic driver for Ourense, Spain. The city’s abundant sunshine has attracted the establishment of manufacturing facilities for solar panels and equipment, creating employment opportunities and stimulating economic growth. These industries have also boosted the local supply chain, benefiting businesses involved in transportation, construction, and related services. Additionally, solar energy installations have reduced electricity costs for residents and businesses, providing financial savings and enhancing the competitiveness of local enterprises.

Environmental Impact

The promotion of solar energy in Ourense has significantly reduced the city’s carbon footprint. By harnessing the power of the sun, the city has decreased its reliance on fossil fuels, mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and contributing to the global fight against climate change. The transition to solar energy has also improved air quality, reducing air pollution and creating a healthier environment for residents. Moreover, solar energy infrastructure, such as rooftop solar panels and solar farms, has a minimal environmental impact compared to traditional energy sources, preserving the city’s natural beauty and wildlife habitats.

Mountainous Landscapes

The Ourense province of Spain is characterized by its mountainous terrain, shaped by the convergence of three mountain ranges: the Macizo Central, the Montes de León, and the Sierra de la Culebra. These ranges form a rugged landscape dotted with peaks, valleys, and plateaus. The highest elevation in the province is Mount Trevinca (2,127 meters), located in the Macizo Central. Other notable peaks include Pena Trevinca (2,094 meters) and Cabeza Grande (1,898 meters).

Riverine Valleys and Plateaus

The topography of Ourense is also influenced by its numerous rivers, which have carved out deep valleys and gorges. The most prominent river is the Sil, which flows through a picturesque canyon known as the Ribeira Sacra. Other important rivers include the Miño, Limia, and Avia. These river valleys provide fertile land for agriculture and are home to charming villages and towns. In addition to the river valleys, Ourense also features several plateaus, such as the A Limia Plateau and the Verín Plateau. These plateaus provide a contrast to the mountainous terrain and offer panoramic views of the surrounding landscape.

Vigo Airport (VGO)

Vigo Airport, also known as Peinador Airport, is the closest airport to Ourense, Spain. It is located approximately 80 kilometers (50 miles) southwest of the city. The airport has regular flights to several destinations in Spain, including Madrid, Barcelona, and Seville. It also has international flights to cities such as London, Paris, and Porto. Vigo Airport is a convenient option for travelers who want to fly to Ourense. There are several transportation options available to get from the airport to the city, including buses, taxis, and rental cars.

Santiago de Compostela Airport (SCQ)

Santiago de Compostela Airport is another option for travelers who want to fly to Ourense. It is located approximately 100 kilometers (62 miles) northwest of the city. The airport has regular flights to several destinations in Spain, including Madrid, Barcelona, and Seville. It also has international flights to cities such as London, Paris, and Frankfurt. Santiago de Compostela Airport is a larger airport than Vigo Airport, and it offers a wider range of flights. However, it is also further away from Ourense. There are several transportation options available to get from the airport to the city, including buses, taxis, and rental cars.

History of Ourense

Ourense, located in northwestern Spain, boasts a rich and captivating history. The city’s origins date back to the Roman era, when it was known as Aquae Urentes, meaning “Burning Waters.” This name alludes to the city’s thermal springs, which have made Ourense famous since ancient times. During the Middle Ages, Ourense became an important center of trade and pilgrimage along the Camino de Santiago, a major pilgrimage route to the city of Santiago de Compostela. The city was a stronghold against Muslim invaders and played a significant role in the Reconquista, the Christian reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula from Islamic rule.

Modern Ourense

Today, Ourense is a vibrant and prosperous city with a population of around 100,000 people. It is the capital of the province of Ourense and the economic and administrative center of the region. The city is renowned for its beautiful landscapes, which include the Miño River and the mountains of the Serra do Xurés. Ourense is also home to several historical monuments and cultural institutions, including the Ourense Cathedral, the Monastery of San Esteban, and the Museum of Ourense. The city’s thermal springs continue to be a major draw for tourists and locals alike, providing therapeutic and recreational opportunities. Ourense is a dynamic and welcoming city, offering a unique blend of history, culture, and natural beauty.