Bouake Climate & Monthly Temperature Overview – Côte d’Ivoire

Temperature and Humidity

Bouake, located in central Côte d’Ivoire, experiences a tropical climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. Throughout the year, temperatures remain relatively consistent, ranging from an average minimum of 23°C (73°F) in August to an average maximum of 32°C (90°F) in March and April. The city’s humidity is generally high, averaging around 80% throughout the year. However, it tends to be slightly higher during the rainy season (May to October) and lower during the dry season (November to April).

Precipitation and Seasons

Bouake receives an average annual rainfall of around 1,200 mm (47 inches), with the majority occurring during the wet season. Heavy rainfall is common, with the city experiencing frequent thunderstorms during this period. The dry season brings minimal precipitation, but the humidity remains high, creating a hazy and muggy atmosphere. The transition between the wet and dry seasons is marked by a gradual increase or decrease in rainfall. Notable climatic events in Bouake include occasional Harmattan winds, a dry and dusty wind blowing from the Sahara Desert during the dry season, and the occasional passage of tropical cyclones during the Atlantic hurricane season.

Monthly Temperature Variations

Bouaké, situated in central Côte d’Ivoire, experiences distinct monthly temperature variations throughout the year. The warmest months are March and April, with average temperatures hovering around 30 degrees Celsius (86 degrees Fahrenheit). Conversely, the coolest months are July and August, with average temperatures dropping to around 25 degrees Celsius (77 degrees Fahrenheit). The city’s dry season, spanning November to April, is characterized by consistently high temperatures, with little rainfall. The rainy season, lasting from May to October, brings a noticeable drop in temperatures, particularly during July and August, when cloud cover and precipitation moderate the heat.

Seasonal Climate Patterns

Bouaké’s annual temperature pattern follows a clear seasonal rhythm. During the rainy season, the city receives significant rainfall, leading to cooler temperatures and increased humidity. The wettest months are typically June and July, when precipitation can reach over 200 millimeters (8 inches). In contrast, the dry season is characterized by warm temperatures and minimal rainfall. The average monthly rainfall during this period is below 50 millimeters (2 inches). The combination of low rainfall and clear skies allows temperatures to rise significantly, resulting in the city’s hottest months. The transition between the dry and rainy seasons is gradual, with temperatures and rainfall gradually changing over the course of several months.

Cloud Types

Bouake, located in the central region of Côte d’Ivoire, experiences a variety of cloud types throughout the year. During the dry season, from November to March, clear skies are prevalent. Cumulus clouds, characterized by their puffy, cotton-like appearance, often dot the horizon. As the rainy season approaches, the number of clouds increases. Cumulonimbus clouds, massive and towering, bring heavy rainfall and thunderstorms. Stratus clouds, which form a uniform gray layer, cover the sky during the most intense periods of precipitation.

Cloud Cover

The amount of cloud cover in Bouake varies significantly from season to season. During the dry season, cloud cover is generally low, with clear skies dominating. However, as the rainy season intensifies, cloud cover increases, blocking out the sun for longer periods. The average monthly cloud cover ranges from a low of 10% in January to a high of 80% in July. This variability in cloud cover has a significant impact on the city’s temperature and precipitation patterns. During the rainy season, the increased cloud cover helps to keep temperatures cooler and promotes frequent rainfall. Conversely, the lack of cloud cover during the dry season allows temperatures to rise more easily and reduces precipitation.

Seasonal Precipitation Trends

Bouaké experiences a pronounced bimodal rainfall pattern, with two distinct rainy seasons separated by drier periods. The major rainy season spans from April to June, bringing heavy rainfall associated with the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). During this season, monthly rainfall averages exceed 200 mm, with the peak occurring in June. The minor rainy season occurs from September to November and typically receives less rainfall, averaging around 50-100 mm per month. Intermittent showers may also occur during the dry seasons, with average monthly rainfall below 20 mm.

Annual Precipitation and Variability

The average annual precipitation in Bouaké ranges between 1,000 and 1,200 mm. However, inter-annual variability is significant, and extended periods of drought or heavy rainfall events are not uncommon. In drier years, annual precipitation can drop below 800 mm, while in exceptionally wet years, it can exceed 1,400 mm. The high variability in annual rainfall is influenced by global climate patterns, such as El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the West African Monsoon. During El Niño events, rainfall in Bouaké tends to be lower, while La Niña events often bring above-average rainfall.

Rainfall Patterns

Rainfall in Bouaké, Côte d’Ivoire, is characterized by a bimodal pattern, with two distinct wet seasons and two dry seasons. The major wet season spans from April to June, bringing heavy rainfall with monthly averages exceeding 200 mm. A shorter rainy season occurs from September to October, with rainfall typically ranging between 100-150 mm per month. In contrast, the dry seasons are pronounced, with minimal precipitation. The first dry season occurs from November to March, while the second, shorter dry season lasts from July to August.

Annual Rainfall and Variability

Bouaké receives an annual average rainfall of approximately 1200 mm, making it a relatively humid city. However, rainfall variability can be significant, both seasonally and annually. During wet seasons, heavy downpours can cause flooding, while droughts are a recurring issue during the dry seasons. The occurrence of extreme weather events, such as torrential rains and prolonged droughts, has increased in recent years, posing challenges to infrastructure and agriculture. Nonetheless, rainfall remains a vital resource for Bouaké, supporting its agricultural economy and providing a source of drinking water for the local population.

Historical Absence of Snowfall

Côte d’Ivoire, located in West Africa, is known for its tropical climate and persistent high temperatures. Snowfall is an exceedingly rare occurrence in the country, as it lies entirely within the tropics. The absence of snowfall can be attributed to its proximity to the equator, which results in relatively consistent temperatures throughout the year. Additionally, Côte d’Ivoire’s coastal location and lack of significant elevation further contribute to its warm and humid climate.

Factors Precluding Snowfall

Several factors collectively prevent the formation of snow in Côte d’Ivoire. The country’s geographical location near the equator means that it receives ample solar radiation, maintaining temperatures well above freezing. Moreover, Côte d’Ivoire’s proximity to the ocean influences its climate, with warm ocean currents moderating temperatures. The lack of substantial elevation within the country also plays a role, as higher elevations typically experience cooler temperatures and increased precipitation.

Sunrise and Sunset Times

In Bouake, Côte d’Ivoire, the daily sunrise and sunset times, as well as the duration of daylight, vary throughout the year due to the Earth’s orbit and axial tilt. The city experiences both a wet season and a dry season, which also influence the sunlight conditions. During the wet season (April to November), the skies can be overcast with clouds, reducing the amount of direct sunlight. In contrast, during the dry season (December to March), the skies are generally clearer, resulting in longer and sunnier days.

Sun Intensity and UV Index

The intensity of the sun’s rays in Bouake is influenced by factors such as the time of day, the season, and weather conditions. The sun is strongest during the midday hours, typically between 10 am and 4 pm. During these times, it is important to protect oneself from excessive exposure to sunlight by wearing sunscreen, sunglasses, and protective clothing. The UV index, which measures the intensity of the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) radiation, is also high in Bouake, especially during the dry season. Prolonged exposure to high levels of UV radiation can damage the skin and increase the risk of skin cancer, so it is crucial to take appropriate precautions when spending extended periods outdoors.

Lunar Observations in Bouaké

Bouaké, a bustling city in central Côte d’Ivoire, offers prime conditions for lunar observations due to its generally clear skies and low light pollution. The absence of tall buildings ensures unobstructed views of the celestial sphere, providing astronomers and stargazers with ideal vantage points for observing the Moon. The city’s geographical location near the equator also allows for optimal viewing of the Moon’s phases throughout the lunar cycle.

Phases and Features

During the waxing and waning crescent phases, the Moon appears as a slender crescent, gradually increasing or decreasing in size as it completes its orbit around Earth. Observers in Bouaké can witness the full spectrum of lunar phases, from the elusive sliver of a new moon to the brilliant orb of a full moon. The city’s low light pollution further enhances the visibility of faint lunar features, such as craters, mountains, and maria (dark plains formed by ancient lava flows). With the aid of binoculars or telescopes, lunar enthusiasts can explore the Moon’s fascinating geological history.

Monthly Humidity Variation

Bouake, Côte d’Ivoire experiences significant fluctuations in humidity levels throughout the year. The average relative humidity ranges from around 60% during the dry season (November to April) to around 80% during the rainy season (May to October). During the dry season, the humidity is relatively low, with daytime values often dipping below 50%. However, as the rainy season approaches, humidity levels start to rise steadily, reaching their peak during the wettest months of June and July.

Factors Influencing Humidity

The humidity levels in Bouake are primarily influenced by its tropical climate and proximity to the Gulf of Guinea. The warm, moist air from the ocean is carried inland by the prevailing winds, contributing to the high humidity. Additionally, the city’s location in the interior of the country means that it is less affected by coastal breezes, which can help to lower humidity levels. The lack of significant elevation changes in the surrounding area also contributes to the relatively consistent humidity throughout the city.

Variations in Wind Patterns

Bouake, located in north-central Côte d’Ivoire, experiences diverse wind patterns throughout the year. During the dry season from November to April, the prevailing winds are northeasterly, bringing dry, harmattan winds from the Sahara Desert. These winds often lead to hazy and dusty conditions. In contrast, the rainy season from May to October is characterized by southwesterly winds that originate from the Gulf of Guinea. These winds carry moisture and precipitation, contributing to the abundant rainfall the region receives.

Wind Speed and Direction

The average wind speed in Bouake is moderate, ranging between 5 and 10 kilometers per hour (3-6 miles per hour) throughout the year. However, during the dry season, stronger winds can occasionally occur, particularly during the early morning hours. The wind direction also varies seasonally. In the dry season, winds tend to blow from the northeast, while in the rainy season, they typically originate from the southwest. These variations in wind patterns significantly influence the local climate and weather conditions.

Dry Season: November to March

Bouake experiences a tropical climate with two distinct seasons: the dry season from November to March and the rainy season from April to October. The dry season is the best time to visit Bouake as it offers warm and sunny weather with little to no rainfall. Temperatures during this time range from 22°C to 32°C, making it ideal for outdoor activities and explorations. The low humidity and clear skies also provide excellent visibility for sightseeing and photography.

Rainy Season: April to October

The rainy season in Bouake is characterized by heavy rainfall, high humidity, and occasional thunderstorms. While it can be a challenging time to travel due to slippery roads and limited visibility, the downpours are often short-lived and provide welcome relief from the scorching heat. During this season, temperatures can reach up to 35°C, and the humidity can be oppressive, making it advisable to seek shade and stay hydrated. The lush vegetation and abundant greenery that emerge during the rainy season also provide a different perspective of Bouake’s natural beauty.

Potential for Solar Energy in Bouaké

Bouaké, a major city in central Côte d’Ivoire, boasts immense potential for solar energy utilization. The city experiences abundant sunshine throughout the year, with an average solar radiation of over 5.5 kWh per square meter per day. This high solar insolation makes Bouaké an ideal location for the development of solar power plants. Additionally, the growing energy demand in the city presents a significant market opportunity for solar energy solutions.

Current Solar Energy Initiatives in Bouaké

Recognizing its solar energy potential, Bouaké has initiated several projects to promote and harness this renewable resource. In collaboration with international partners, the city has installed solar panels on its public buildings, including schools and hospitals, reducing energy costs and promoting sustainable practices. Moreover, local businesses are also investing in rooftop solar systems to supplement their energy needs and contribute to the city’s renewable energy transition. Additionally, the government is exploring the development of large-scale solar farms in the surrounding areas to augment the region’s energy supply.

Elevation and Slope

Bouaké exhibits a relatively flat topography, with an average elevation of approximately 300 meters (984 feet) above sea level. The city is situated within the Ivory Coast’s central plateau, which is generally characterized by rolling hills and wide, gently sloping valleys. Within Bouaké, the land rises gradually from the south towards the north, with hills and ridges forming the outskirts of the city. The most prominent elevation within the city limits is Mount Bini, which stands at 410 meters (1,345 feet) and offers panoramic views of the surrounding area.


Bouaké’s drainage system is defined by a network of small rivers and streams that flow through the city. The most significant river is the Kan River, which originates in the northwestern part of the city and runs through the center, dividing Bouaké into two distinct halves. The Kan River is fed by numerous tributaries, including the Gbokora and Nzi Rivers, and it eventually joins the Bandama River, which flows into the Atlantic Ocean. The presence of these rivers and streams contributes to the city’s overall water resources and provides opportunities for recreational activities such as fishing and boating.

Bouaké Airport (BXE)

Bouaké Airport (BXE) is the closest airport to the city of Bouaké in central Ivory Coast. It is located 8 kilometers (5 miles) north of the city center and serves as a regional hub for domestic flights within the country. The airport has been in operation since the 1960s and has recently been renovated and expanded to accommodate larger aircraft. Currently, Bouaké Airport can handle flights from a variety of aircraft types, including Boeing 737s and Airbus A320s.

Travel Tips

To get to Bouaké Airport from the city center, you can take a taxi or use the public transport system. The taxi fare is around 1500 CFA francs (approximately €2.50). If you are traveling by public transport, you can take the local bus or a shuttle service to reach the airport. The bus fare is around 500 CFA francs (approximately €0.75). The airport has a small terminal building with a waiting area, check-in counters, and security screening. There are also a few cafes and shops in the terminal.

History and Economy

Bouaké, the second-largest city in Côte d’Ivoire, has a rich history dating back centuries. As a major commercial hub and center of the Baoulé people, Bouaké played a crucial role in the country’s precolonial and colonial eras. Today, Bouaké remains an economic powerhouse, with industries such as cotton, food processing, and mining driving its growth. Its proximity to major transportation routes and agricultural centers makes it a strategic location for trade and investment.

Culture and Attractions

Bouaké’s vibrant culture is a blend of traditional Baoulé customs and modern influences. The city boasts numerous attractions that showcase its heritage, including the Musée de la Civilisation Nouchi, which exhibits the history and artifacts of the Baoulé people. Visitors can also explore the lively markets, where local crafts and produce are sold. The Grande Mosquée de Bouaké, one of the largest mosques in Côte d’Ivoire, is an architectural marvel and a testament to the city’s religious diversity.