Batumi Climate & Monthly Temperature Overview – Georgia


Batumi, Georgia, enjoys a humid subtropical climate with warm, wet summers and mild, rainy winters. The city’s proximity to the Black Sea ensures moderate temperatures year-round, with average highs ranging from 10°C (50°F) in January to 26°C (79°F) in August. Annual precipitation is substantial, averaging over 2,000 mm (80 inches), with the wettest months being December and January. Batumi’s climate is influenced by the subtropical jet stream, which brings moisture from the Atlantic Ocean, creating a humid and often cloudy environment.

Average Weather Year Round

Summer in Batumi is warm and sunny, with average temperatures reaching 26°C (79°F) in August. The humidity is high during this period, with precipitation often occurring in the form of brief thunderstorms. Winters are mild, with average temperatures around 10°C (50°F) in January. Snowfall is rare, and temperatures rarely drop below freezing. Spring and fall offer pleasant weather, with average temperatures between 15°C (59°F) and 20°C (68°F). Rainfall is more common during these seasons, with occasional strong winds. The average annual temperature in Batumi is 14°C (57°F), and the city experiences an average of 250 sunny days per year.

Monthly Average Temperatures

Batumi’s average temperatures vary significantly throughout the year. The warmest months are July and August, with average temperatures of 25°C (77°F) and 24°C (75°F), respectively. The coldest months are January and February, with average temperatures of 7°C (45°F) and 8°C (46°F). Spring and autumn temperatures are generally mild, with April to May and September to October averaging around 15°C (59°F) and 13°C (55°F), respectively.

Variations and Extremes

Batumi’s coastal location and proximity to the subtropical Black Sea moderate its temperatures, resulting in relatively stable conditions throughout the year. However, occasional cold fronts or heatwaves can cause temporary fluctuations. The highest temperature ever recorded in Batumi was 42°C (108°F) in June 2019, while the lowest was -6°C (21°F) in January 1950. These extreme temperatures are rare, and temperatures typically remain within a narrower range.

Formation and Types of Clouds in Batumi, Georgia

Batumi, Georgia, is located on the eastern coast of the Black Sea, where it experiences a humid subtropical climate. This climate is characterized by warm, humid summers and mild, rainy winters. The humidity in Batumi is typically high, which contributes to the frequent formation of clouds.

The most common types of clouds in Batumi are cirrus, cumulus, and stratus clouds. Cirrus clouds are thin, wispy clouds composed of ice crystals that appear at high altitudes. Cumulus clouds are puffy clouds with flat bases that typically form at low to middle altitudes. Stratus clouds are low, gray clouds that cover the entire sky and often produce drizzle or light rain.

Influence of Clouds on Batumi’s Weather

Clouds have a significant impact on Batumi’s weather. Cirrus clouds are typically associated with fair weather, while cumulus clouds can indicate the approach of precipitation. Stratus clouds often bring overcast skies and drizzle or light rain.

In addition to their impact on precipitation, clouds also affect temperature and humidity. Cirrus clouds allow sunlight to pass through relatively easily, while cumulus and stratus clouds can block sunlight and cause temperatures to drop. Clouds can also trap heat near the ground, which can lead to higher humidity levels.

Annual Precipitation

Batumi, located on the eastern shores of the Black Sea, experiences a humid subtropical climate. It is known for its abundant rainfall, with an average annual precipitation of 2,469 mm (97.2 inches). The precipitation is distributed relatively evenly throughout the year, with the wettest months being December and January, and the driest months being July and August.

Seasonal Precipitation Patterns

Batumi’s precipitation patterns are influenced by its proximity to the Black Sea and the surrounding Caucasus Mountains. The mountains act as a barrier to moist air coming from the sea, resulting in higher precipitation on the western slopes and lesser precipitation on the eastern slopes. During the winter months, the Black Sea provides moisture for rainfall, while in the summer, convective thunderstorms contribute significantly to the precipitation. The highest monthly precipitation occurs in December, averaging around 300 mm (11.8 inches), while the lowest monthly precipitation occurs in July, averaging around 100 mm (3.9 inches).

Average Rainfall

Batumi experiences significant rainfall throughout the year, with an average annual precipitation of around 2,300 millimeters. The wettest months are October to December, with average monthly rainfall exceeding 200 millimeters. Rainfall is also common during the summer months, June to August, with monthly averages around 150-180 millimeters. The driest periods occur from January to March, but even then, the average rainfall remains over 100 millimeters per month.

Seasonal Variability

Rainfall in Batumi exhibits distinct seasonal patterns. In winter, the city is often affected by frontal systems bringing heavy precipitation. The subtropical climate, characterized by warm and humid conditions, contributes to the high rainfall. During the spring and autumn, rainfall is predominantly associated with cyclonic activity and can occur in the form of showers and thunderstorms. In summer, rainfall is often influenced by tropical cyclones and can be accompanied by intense downpours and flooding.

Historical Snowfall in Batumi

Batumi, the largest coastal city in Georgia, is known for its subtropical climate, with mild winters and high humidity. However, in January 2023, the city experienced an unprecedented snowfall that paralyzed daily life. The snowfall, which lasted for several days, reached a record-breaking height of 25 centimeters, the highest in the city’s recorded history. The heavy snowfall caused widespread disruption, with schools and businesses closed, and transportation services suspended.

Challenges and Response

The heavy snowfall posed significant challenges for the city’s infrastructure and emergency services. Road closures and power outages left many residents stranded and without essential services. The local government responded quickly, deploying snow removal equipment and mobilizing emergency personnel to clear roads, restore power, and provide assistance to those affected. The cooperation between city authorities and volunteers played a crucial role in minimizing the impact of the snowfall and ensuring the safety of residents.

Climate and Weather

Batumi, the vibrant coastal city in Georgia, enjoys a temperate and humid subtropical climate. Blessed with warm temperatures year-round, the city experiences an average temperature of 14.5°C (58°F). The summer months, from June to September, are particularly inviting, with daily temperatures soaring between 22°C and 28°C (72°F and 82°F). During these balmy days, the city’s beaches teem with sunbathers seeking respite from the heat. In contrast, winters in Batumi are generally mild, with temperatures rarely dropping below freezing. The average winter temperature hovers around 6°C (43°F), making for pleasant and enjoyable days even during the off-season.

Beaches and Resorts

Batumi’s coastline stretches for miles along the Black Sea, offering a myriad of pristine beaches that cater to every taste. The most popular beach, Batumi Beach, is conveniently located within the city limits, within easy reach of accommodations and restaurants. It boasts golden sands, crystal-clear waters, and a lively atmosphere. For those seeking a more private and secluded experience, Gonio Beach, located just a short drive south of Batumi, offers stunning views of the nearby Gonio Fortress. For those seeking relaxation and rejuvenation, the Batumi Botanical Garden offers a tranquil oasis with lush subtropical vegetation and a private beach. Several exclusive resorts, including the Sheraton Batumi Hotel and the Hilton Batumi, offer luxurious accommodations, private beach access, and a range of amenities catering to discerning travelers.

Moon Phase and Visibility in Batumi, Georgia

The Moon’s appearance in Batumi, Georgia, varies throughout its monthly cycle, influenced by the Moon’s phases and the Earth’s rotation. During the New Moon phase, the Moon is not visible from Earth, as it is located directly between the Earth and the Sun. As the Moon waxes, it becomes increasingly illuminated by sunlight, gradually progressing through the Crescent, First Quarter, Gibbous, and Full Moon phases.

During the Full Moon phase, the Moon is fully illuminated and appears as a bright, round circle in the sky. The Full Moon is visible at night and can be seen from anywhere on Earth. As the Moon wanes, it gradually loses illumination, transitioning through the Gibbous, Third Quarter, Crescent, and back to the New Moon phase. The visibility of the Moon in Batumi is also affected by weather conditions, as cloud cover can obscure the Moon from view.

Time of Moonrise and Moonset in Batumi, Georgia

The time of Moonrise and Moonset in Batumi, Georgia, varies throughout the month and year due to the Earth’s rotation and the Moon’s orbit around the Earth. In general, the Moon rises in the east and sets in the west. The exact time of Moonrise and Moonset can be calculated using astronomical software or websites that provide ephemeris data for specific locations.

For example, on August 15, 2023, the Moon will rise in Batumi at 19:58 local time and set at 04:56 local time the following day. These times may vary slightly depending on the observer’s location within Batumi. Additionally, the timing of Moonrise and Moonset can be affected by factors such as atmospheric refraction, which can cause the Moon to appear slightly higher above the horizon than its true position.

Annual Humidity Patterns

Batumi, Georgia, enjoys a humid subtropical climate with consistently high humidity levels throughout the year. Annual average humidity hovers around 75%, reaching its peak during the summer months. July and August witness the highest humidity, often exceeding 80%. This elevated humidity creates a sultry, sticky atmosphere that can be uncomfortable for some.

Seasonal Variations

Humidity levels in Batumi fluctuate considerably over the course of the year. During the cooler months from October to March, humidity typically dips to around 65-70%, influenced by the dry air masses flowing from the north and east. However, as spring approaches, humidity begins to rise, signaling the onset of the humid season. By May, humidity levels start to approach 80%, reaching their peak in the summer. As autumn arrives, humidity gradually declines, returning to more moderate levels by October.

Wind Patterns

Batumi, Georgia, experiences a humid subtropical climate with distinct wind patterns. During the summer months, the prevailing south-westerly winds bring warm, moist air from the Black Sea, leading to higher humidity and occasional showers. In the winter, the winds shift to the north-easterly direction, bringing cold, dry air from the Caucasus Mountains. These winds are stronger and can cause occasional snowstorms. The annual average wind speed is moderate, ranging from 3 to 5 meters per second.

Impacts on Climate and Environment

The wind patterns play a significant role in shaping Batumi’s climate and environment. The moist air brought by the summer winds facilitates the growth of lush vegetation, contributing to the city’s verdant cityscape. The winter winds, on the other hand, bring cold and dry conditions that can be harsh, but they also help to clear the air and maintain good visibility. Additionally, the wind currents influence the spread of pollution, affecting air quality and the health of the local population. By understanding the wind patterns and their impacts, the city can develop strategies for mitigating environmental challenges and improving air quality.

Summer (June-August)

Summer in Batumi is a season of endless sunshine and warm temperatures, making it an ideal time for beachgoers and swimming enthusiasts. The Black Sea’s crystal-clear waters are perfect for taking a refreshing dip or engaging in water sports such as jet skiing and paragliding. The average temperature during summer ranges from a pleasant 23°C (73°F) in June to a sizzling 28°C (82°F) in August, creating a perfect environment for outdoor activities and exploring the city’s vibrant atmosphere.

Spring and Autumn (April-May and September-October)

Spring and autumn present milder temperatures while offering a wide range of opportunities for nature lovers and explorers. The city’s parks and gardens burst into bloom during spring, transforming the landscape into a kaleidoscope of colors. Visitors can stroll along the palm-lined boulevard, indulge in scenic bike rides, or embark on hiking trails in the nearby mountains. Autumn, on the other hand, brings golden hues to the surroundings and offers a chance to witness the city’s cultural heritage through various art exhibitions and festivals. The weather during these seasons is generally pleasant, with average temperatures ranging from 15°C (59°F) in April to 20°C (68°F) in September.

Potential for Solar Energy

Batumi, a coastal city in Georgia, boasts significant potential for solar energy utilization. The city enjoys abundant sunshine throughout the year, with an average of over 2,800 hours of sunshine annually. This favorable solar resource provides an opportunity to develop a sustainable and clean energy system. The Georgian government has recognized this potential and set ambitious targets for solar energy development, aiming to generate a substantial portion of its electricity requirements from solar photovoltaic (PV) systems.

Current Development and Future Prospects

Currently, Batumi hosts several solar energy installations, including a 1.5-megawatt (MW) solar farm commissioned in 2020. This project demonstrates the feasibility and economic viability of solar power in the region. The government has also initiated a number of incentive programs to encourage the adoption of solar PV systems for residential, commercial, and industrial sectors. These initiatives have stimulated investment in solar energy, and several projects are currently in various stages of development. Looking ahead, Batumi aims to become a hub for solar energy innovation and research. The city plans to establish a solar energy park to showcase the latest technologies and provide a platform for collaboration among industry leaders, researchers, and investors.

General Topography

Batumi, Georgia, is situated on the eastern coast of the Black Sea, nestled between the foothills of the Lesser Caucasus Mountains and the coastline. The topography of the city is characterized by a gradual slope from the mountains to the sea, creating a unique blend of natural landscapes. The city center is mostly flat and lies along the beachfront, offering panoramic views of the sea and mountains.

Coastal Features

The coastline of Batumi is an integral part of its topography. The city boasts an impressive stretch of pebble beaches, stretching for several kilometers along the shoreline. The beaches are relatively wide and offer ample space for swimming, sunbathing, and various recreational activities. The presence of breakwaters and piers helps to create sheltered swimming areas, making them suitable for families with children. Several artificial islands have also been constructed offshore, adding to the city’s coastal attractions and providing additional space for development.

Batumi International Airport (BUS)

Batumi International Airport (BUS) is the closest airport to Batumi, Georgia. It is located approximately 2 kilometers (1.2 miles) west of the city center and is the second-busiest airport in Georgia after Tbilisi International Airport. BUS serves as a hub for Georgian Airways and FlyGeorgia and offers both domestic and international flights.

Destinations and Carriers

BUS offers a range of domestic flights to cities within Georgia, including Tbilisi, Kutaisi, Mestia, and Telavi. International flights connect Batumi to destinations in Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia, including Istanbul, Moscow, Kyiv, Dubai, and Baku. Airlines operating at BUS include Georgian Airways, FlyGeorgia, Turkish Airlines, Pegasus Airlines, and Aeroflot.

Facilities and Services

Batumi International Airport features a modern terminal with a variety of amenities and services for passengers. These include check-in counters, baggage claim, duty-free shops, restaurants, cafes, and currency exchange. The airport also offers car rental services and taxis for transportation to and from the city center. Additionally, there is a VIP lounge available for premium passengers.

History and Culture

Batumi, a vibrant coastal city nestled on the southeastern edge of Georgia, boasts a rich history dating back to ancient times. The city’s strategic location on the Black Sea has made it a center of trade and cultural exchange for centuries. Batumi was a major port during the Roman Empire and later served as an important gateway for the Silk Road. Over the centuries, it has been influenced by various empires, including the Ottoman Empire and the Russian Empire, leaving behind a unique blend of architectural styles. Today, Batumi is a vibrant metropolis with a thriving arts and culture scene. Visitors can explore its historic quarter, wander through its lively squares, and admire its stunning waterfront promenade.

Natural Beauty and Attractions

Batumi’s stunning natural beauty is a major draw for visitors. The city is surrounded by lush subtropical greenery, with the towering Caucasus Mountains forming a dramatic backdrop. The coastline features pristine beaches, inviting visitors to relax and soak up the sun. Within easy reach of Batumi are a number of natural attractions, including the Batumi Botanical Garden, where visitors can marvel at a vast collection of exotic plants. The nearby Mtirala National Park offers breathtaking hiking trails and panoramic views of the surrounding mountains and the Black Sea. Whether it’s swimming, sunbathing, or exploring the great outdoors, Batumi offers a wide range of activities for nature enthusiasts.