Battalgazi Climate & Monthly Temperature Overview – Turkey


Battalgazi experiences a humid subtropical climate with hot, humid summers and mild, wet winters. Summers are characterized by average temperatures ranging from 22°C to 32°C (72°F to 90°F), with July and August being the hottest months. The humidity levels during this period are high, resulting in muggy and uncomfortable conditions. Winters, on the other hand, are mild, with average temperatures hovering around 5°C to 12°C (41°F to 54°F). January is typically the coldest month. The area receives ample rainfall throughout the year, with the highest precipitation occurring in winter and spring.

Average Weather Year Round

Spring (March-May): Spring brings a gradual increase in temperatures and a rise in humidity. Average temperatures range from 10°C to 20°C (50°F to 68°F), and rainfall is common, particularly in April and May.

Summer (June-August): Summers are hot and humid, with average temperatures reaching their peak in July and August. Temperatures typically fluctuate between 25°C and 35°C (77°F to 95°F), with high humidity levels making the heat feel even more intense.

Autumn (September-November): Autumn brings a gradual decline in temperatures and a decrease in humidity. Average temperatures range from 15°C to 25°C (59°F to 77°F), and precipitation levels decrease.

Winter (December-February): Winters are mild and wet, with average temperatures ranging from 5°C to 12°C (41°F to 54°F). January is the coldest month, and snowfall is occasional. Precipitation is common, with rain and occasional snow showers.

Average Temperature by Month

Battalgazi, Turkey, experiences a humid subtropical climate, with hot dry summers and mild rainy winters. The average monthly temperatures vary significantly throughout the year. During the summer months (June to August), the average high temperatures hover around 30°C (86°F), while the average low temperatures range from 15°C to 18°C (59°F to 64°F). In the winter months (December to February), the average high temperatures drop to around 5°C (41°F), while the average low temperatures can fall below freezing, reaching -2°C (28°F).

Seasonal Variations

Spring and autumn in Battalgazi are generally mild, with average high temperatures ranging from 12°C to 25°C (53°F to 77°F) and average low temperatures between 4°C and 15°C (39°F to 59°F). During these transitional seasons, there is a higher chance of rainfall compared to the summer and winter months. The city receives an average of 550 mm (21.6 inches) of precipitation annually, which is distributed fairly evenly throughout the year.

Cloud Types in Battalgazi

The skies of Battalgazi, Turkey, are adorned with a diverse array of cloud formations, each possessing unique characteristics and often providing a captivating spectacle. Among the most common cloud types observed in the region are cirrus, cumulus, and stratus clouds. Cirrus clouds, characterized by their wispy, thread-like appearance, often drift high in the atmosphere, composed of delicate ice crystals. Cumulus clouds, on the other hand, are typically puffier and billowing, resembling cotton balls, and can indicate fair weather when isolated. Stratus clouds, in contrast, are flat and gray, covering the sky like a uniform sheet, and frequently bring overcast conditions and drizzle.

Cloud Dynamics

The formation and behavior of clouds in Battalgazi are influenced by various atmospheric factors, including temperature, humidity, and air movement. As warm, moist air rises, it cools, causing water vapor to condense into tiny droplets or ice crystals, forming visible clouds. The shape and altitude of these clouds depend on the stability of the atmosphere and the prevailing wind patterns. When the atmosphere is unstable, rising air currents create towering cumulonimbus clouds, which can produce thunderstorms and heavy rainfall. In contrast, stable atmospheric conditions promote the formation of flat and low-lying stratus clouds. The movement of clouds is also influenced by wind speed and direction, with higher winds leading to faster-moving cloud formations.

Total Precipitation

Battalgazi, located in Turkey, experiences significant precipitation throughout the year, with an average annual rainfall of 550 millimeters (21.7 inches). The city receives precipitation in all months, but the amount varies seasonally. The wettest months are December and January, when Battalgazi receives an average of 80 millimeters (3.15 inches) of rain each month. The driest months are July and August, when the city receives an average of 20 millimeters (0.79 inches) of rain each month.

Seasonal Distribution

Precipitation in Battalgazi is primarily influenced by the Mediterranean climate in the region. During the winter months (December to February), the city experiences frequent rainfall, as cold and moist air masses from the Mediterranean Sea bring abundant precipitation to the area. Spring and fall (March to May and September to November) are generally drier, with occasional rainfall and thunderstorms. However, during the summer months (June to August), precipitation is scarce, and the city experiences hot and dry weather conditions. The seasonal distribution of precipitation reflects the city’s geographical location and the influence of maritime air masses from the Mediterranean Sea.

Annual Rainfall Patterns

Battalgazi experiences a semi-arid climate, characterized by low annual rainfall. On average, the region receives around 350-400 mm of precipitation per year. The wettest months are generally November through April, with the peak rainfall occurring in December and January. During these months, convective rainfall from the Mediterranean Sea and frontal precipitation from the north contribute to the increase in precipitation. In contrast, the summer months (June through September) are relatively dry, with minimal rainfall.

Seasonal Variability and Weather Patterns

The rainfall patterns in Battalgazi exhibit significant seasonal variability. During the spring and autumn, rainfall is typically associated with frontal systems and unstable air masses. As the Mediterranean Sea warms up during the spring, it becomes a source of moisture, triggering convective rainfall in Battalgazi. In contrast, during the autumn, cold fronts and depressions from the north bring in precipitation. In the summer, the region experiences hot and dry conditions due to the influence of the subtropical high-pressure system, which prevents moisture-bearing clouds from reaching the area. However, occasional thunderstorms can occur during this time.

Historical Snowfall

Battalgazi, located in the Malatya Province of Turkey, has experienced significant snowfall throughout history. The city is known for its cold winters and frequent snowstorms. In recent years, snowfall has become more prevalent and intense due to climate change. In 2021, Battalgazi experienced one of its heaviest snowstorms in decades, with snow depths reaching up to 1.5 meters in some areas. The extreme snowfall caused widespread disruptions, including transportation delays, school closures, and power outages.

Impact on Local Life

The heavy snowfall in Battalgazi has a significant impact on the daily lives of residents. The city’s transportation infrastructure is often compromised during snowstorms, making it difficult for people to get around. Schools and businesses may close due to the hazardous conditions, and power outages can leave residents without heat or electricity. The snow also poses a risk to people’s health, with slippery surfaces causing an increased risk of falls and injuries. In addition, the cold weather can exacerbate respiratory illnesses and other health problems, placing a strain on local healthcare resources.

Sun in Battalgazi, Turkey: Overview

Battalgazi, a district in the city of Malatya, Turkey, experiences considerable sunshine throughout the year. The region is located in southeastern Anatolia, known for its semi-arid climate with hot, dry summers and relatively mild winters. The average annual sunshine duration in Battalgazi is around 2,700 hours, equivalent to approximately 7 hours of sunshine per day.

Seasonal Variation in Sunshine

The amount of sunshine in Battalgazi varies throughout the year, with summer months receiving the most sunlight and winter months experiencing the least. During the summer, from June to September, Battalgazi enjoys long, sunny days, with an average of 11-12 hours of sunshine per day. The high elevation of the region also contributes to the abundant sunshine, as thinner air allows more solar radiation to reach the ground.

In contrast, winter months in Battalgazi are characterized by shorter days and less sunshine. From December to February, the average sunshine duration drops to around 3-4 hours per day. However, even during these months, the region still benefits from some sunshine, particularly during the midday hours.

Visibility and Observation:

The moon, the Earth’s natural satellite, is visible in the night sky of Battalgazi, Turkey, as in any other location on the planet. Its visibility depends on the moon’s phase, with the new moon being invisible from Earth and the full moon appearing as a bright, illuminated orb. During waxing and waning phases, the moon’s appearance gradually changes from a crescent to a full circle and back. The time of moonrise and moonset varies throughout the month due to the moon’s orbit around Earth.

Effect on Earth and Human Activities:

The presence of the moon has significant implications for Battalgazi and its surrounding regions. The moon’s gravitational pull, combined with that of the sun, causes tides in the nearby waters of the Sea of Marmara. These tides have historical and contemporary importance, influencing fishing, transportation, and coastal ecosystems. Additionally, the moon’s light can affect human activities, such as navigation, farming practices, and religious observances. For instance, the timing of agricultural tasks and cultural events has traditionally been influenced by lunar cycles in agrarian societies.

Seasonal Variation of Humidity

Battalgazi experiences significant seasonal variations in humidity levels. During the summer months (June to August), the average relative humidity remains relatively high, ranging between 65% to 80%. This high humidity can contribute to a muggy and uncomfortable atmosphere, especially during the warmest hours of the day.

In the winter season (December to February), the humidity levels in Battalgazi drop considerably. The average relative humidity during these months ranges from 45% to 60%. The lower humidity levels lead to a drier climate, which can be beneficial for activities that require clear visibility and reduced moisture in the air, such as outdoor sports or hiking.

Impact on Health and Comfort

The humidity levels in Battalgazi can impact human health and comfort. High humidity can lead to increased sweating and a feeling of discomfort, particularly during physical exertion. Individuals with respiratory conditions may also experience difficulty breathing in humid environments. Prolonged exposure to high humidity can also contribute to the growth of mold and mildew, which can trigger allergic reactions and other health concerns. Conversely, low humidity levels can cause dryness in the skin, eyes, and throat, and can affect the overall well-being of individuals.

Wind in Battalgazi, Turkey

Battalgazi, a district of Malatya Province in eastern Turkey, experiences a moderate continental climate with distinct seasonal variations. The city is characterized by hot, dry summers and cold, snowy winters. The average daily mean temperature ranges from -1.0°C in January to 26.2°C in July.

Wind patterns in Battalgazi are influenced by the surrounding geography and the regional weather systems. The district is situated at the foothills of the Taurus Mountains, which act as a barrier to prevailing westerly winds. As a result, winds in Battalgazi tend to be predominantly easterly and northeasterly, with occasional southerly and southwesterly winds during the summer months. The average wind speed in Battalgazi ranges from 3.0 m/s in January to 4.5 m/s in July.

Spring (April-May)

Spring in Battalgazi offers pleasant temperatures with average highs ranging from 60°F to 75°F. The weather is usually mild and sunny, making it an ideal time for outdoor activities. The lush greenery and blooming flowers create a picturesque landscape that’s perfect for nature walks or picnics in the nearby公園. Spring also marks the start of the tulip season, when the city comes alive with vibrant displays of these colorful blooms.

Summer (June-August)

Summer in Battalgazi is warm and sunny, with average highs in the mid to high 80s. The humidity levels are relatively low, making the heat manageable. This season is perfect for swimming, sunbathing, or exploring the city’s historical sites and bustling markets. However, it’s important to note that temperatures can occasionally reach the 90s, so staying hydrated and avoiding prolonged exposure to the sun is crucial.

Potential for Solar Energy

Battalgazi, Turkey, offers immense potential for harnessing solar energy due to its favorable geographic location and abundant sunshine. The city lies within the “Sun Belt” region, characterized by high solar radiation levels throughout the year. According to the Turkish Renewable Energy Atlas, Battalgazi receives an average of 5.6 kWh/m2 of solar energy per day, a significant resource for energy generation. The lack of significant cloud cover and mountainous terrain further enhance the solar potential, making it ideal for both large-scale photovoltaic (PV) installations and rooftop solar systems.

Development and Challenges

In recent years, there has been a growing interest in solar energy development in Battalgazi. Several large-scale PV projects have been established, contributing to the city’s renewable energy mix. The municipality has also implemented incentives to encourage rooftop solar installations, promoting a decentralized approach to energy generation. However, Battalgazi faces certain challenges in harnessing its solar potential. A key issue is the lack of a comprehensive grid infrastructure to accommodate the influx of renewable energy. Furthermore, the intermittent nature of solar energy requires effective storage solutions to ensure a stable supply. Nonetheless, the commitment to clean energy and the availability of support measures are encouraging the development of solar energy in Battalgazi.

Topography of Battalgazi, Turkey

Battalgazi is situated in the Malatya Province of Turkey, characterized by a diverse and rugged topography. The region lies within the Eastern Taurus Mountains, with the Yüceyurt Mountains to the city’s north and the Soğanlı Mountains to the south. These mountain ranges contribute to the area’s dramatic elevation changes, with the highest point being Kösedağı at 2,636 meters above sea level. The Battalgazi Valley, a fertile plain, runs through the center of the city and is surrounded by rolling hills and plateaus.

The topography of Battalgazi has significantly influenced its history and development. The mountainous terrain provided natural protection from invaders, contributing to the city’s strategic importance during the Seljuk and Ottoman periods. The region’s water resources, including the Tohma and Battalgazi streams, have been vital for agriculture and the establishment of settlements. The diverse topography also offers a range of ecosystems, from alpine meadows and forests to steppe grasslands, supporting a rich biodiversity.

Malatya Erhaç Airport (MLX)

Malatya Erhaç Airport (MLX) is the nearest airport to Battalgazi, Turkey. It is located approximately 35 kilometers (22 miles) northeast of the city center. The airport has a single runway and serves both domestic and international flights. Major airlines that operate out of MLX include Turkish Airlines, Pegasus Airlines, and SunExpress. The airport offers direct flights to Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, and several other destinations within Turkey. Additionally, there are seasonal flights to destinations in Europe and the Middle East.

Transportation to Battalgazi from Malatya Erhaç Airport

To reach Battalgazi from Malatya Erhaç Airport, travelers can take a taxi or a bus. Taxis are readily available outside the airport terminal, and the fare to Battalgazi typically ranges from 50 to 70 Turkish lira. Buses are a more economical option, with fares around 15 Turkish lira. The bus station is located a short walk from the airport terminal. The bus journey to Battalgazi takes approximately 45 minutes to 1 hour.

Battalgazi District

Battalgazi is a metropolitan district of Malatya Province in eastern Turkey. It is located in the eastern part of the province and borders the provinces of Adıyaman and Elazığ. The district has a population of around 500,000 people and covers an area of 1,500 square kilometers.

Battalgazi is known for its historical and cultural significance. It was home to the ancient city of Melitene, which was a major center of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia. The district is also home to the Battalgazi Tomb, the resting place of Battal Gazi, a legendary Turkish warrior who fought against the Byzantines in the 11th century.